The Blood Telegram: Nixon, Kissinger, and a Forgotten Genocide E–pub/E–book

T on things he has real contempt for both Nixon and Kissinger But it is hard to fault his approach he knows the sources cold and makes excellent use of recently declassified documents unused White House Tapes And Hours Of Interviews With tapes and hours of interviews with officials in who had served in Dhaka and Washington as well as Indian Army officers A former reporter for The Economist now an academic historian Bass knows how to frame a story that has been too little known in this country I did not remember much about the 1971 attack by Pakistan on its eastern region now known as Bengla Desh It is a terrible story The "Basics Are That Following A "are that following a election in which a Bengali from East Pakistan won the central overnment dissolved parliament and attacked East Pakistan It was not a war because the Bengalis were almost all una Brilliantly well researched book Exposes the deep seated racist world view of Nixon and Kissinger The Blood Telegram is the kind of superbly researched and written history that appears once in a decade It is based on massive archival research and on Nixon s White House tapes as well as interviews with a large cast of persons directly involved The author documents the flow of events faithfully and accurately HIs special focus is on Nixon and Kissinger the American leaders who shaped and Mesagerul guided the United States response to the unfolding political humanitarian and finally military crisis in East Pakistan during 1971How could the United States enable aenocide and an unprecedented humanitarian crisis Why did Nixon and Kissinger disregard and punish US Foreign Service Officers who reported the facts about the Pakistan army s slaughter of Bengali academics university students and ultimately hundreds of thousands of innocent men women and children Why. Award One of the Best Books of the Year at The Economist Financial Times The New Republic The Washington Post Kirkus Reviews A New York Times Notable Book This magnificent history provides the first full account of Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger's secret support for Pakistan in as it committed shocking atrocities in Bangladesh which led to war between India and Pakistan shaped the fate of Asia and left majo. This isn t only a tale of enocide or of the civil war that created Bangladesh From What Had Been East what had been East but also of how deliberate actions and inaction on the part of Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger facilitated the mass slaughter of Bengalis and the "forced relocation of millions while the United States destroyed any chance of long term influence in South Asia "relocation of millions while the United States destroyed any chance of long term influence in South Asia narrative centers on Archer Blood the last US consul eneral in Dhaka when it was still the capital of East Pakistan and the cable he sent through the official State Department dissent channel a telegram that described the actions of the Pakistani army as enocide against the Bengali people including targeting intellectuals political leaders and students Official *WASHINGTON WAS ABLE TO IGNORE BLOOD *was able to ignore Blood message simply by declaring that a bloodbath carried out by an American ally using arms supplied from this country and with tacit encouragement by the Richard Nixon himself was an internal matter to be dealt with by PakistanThe diplomats on the scene 28 State Department officers signed the telegram in addition to Archer Blood reported that the systematic destruction of Bengali society fit the terms of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide all too well Unfortunately for those in East Pakistan Henry Kissinger was cultivating the military ruler of Pakistan General Yahya Khan as a conduit to the rulers of the People s Republic of China so Khan s forces were iven a free pass to do their worst and they did The United States had significant leverage with Khan and could have forced him to put an end to the atrocities committed by his army using US weapons but chose to wash their hands of itGary J Bass has a definite point of view not to put too fine a poin. Finalist for the Pulitzer Prize in General NonfictionWinner of the Council on Foreign Relations' Arthur Ross Book AwardWinner of the Lionel Gelber Prize for Best Foreign Affairs BookWinner of the Asia Society's Bernard Schwartz Book AwardWinner of the Cundill Prize for Historical LiteratureWinner of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations' Robert H Ferrell Book PrizeWinner of the Ramnath Goenka. Did Nixon like and admire the Pakistani military dictator Yahya Khan and despise Indira Gandhi the elected leader of the world s largest democracy Why did Nixon and Kissinger however briefly exercise brinkmanship that could have led to a major US Soviet confrontation even a wider warI believe the answers to these uestions reside in Nixon and Kissinger as leaders who responded almost entirely in terms of the What Am I Doing with My Life?: And other late night internet searches answered by the great philosophers geopolitical paradigm of the Cold War Throughout Nixon saw Pakistan as an ally that could not be undercut or even influenced for such steps would show weakness in the hoped for opening to China and confer advantage to the Soviet Union Theenocide was categorized as an internal affair of Pakistan even though there had been ample opportunity to use US pressure to alleviate and possibly even prevent itI personally experienced the events of the Blood Telegram as a member of the US Agency for International DEVELOPMENT MISSION STATIONED AT THE US EMBASSY IN NEW mission stationed at the US Embassy in New 1970 1972 As the crisis rew I read the classified cable message traffic every morning closely read all available US and Indian press coverage and discussed the situation with Embassy and USAID colleagues many of whom were managing refugee relief programs From that experience I can add to the book s narrative about the US Consulate General s reporting from Dacca East Pakistan s capitalAfter Archer Blood was fired at Nixon s direction his successor as Consul General was Herbert Spivack expected to be a team player in downplaying the extent of the on oing Pak army crackdown Spivack came through New Delhi on his way to Dacca to be briefed on how the rising tide of refugees was impacting eastern India and on US food assistance to the camps It was clear from his comments to the Delhi American. R strategic conseuences for the world today Drawing on previously unheard White House tapes recently declassified documents and his own extensive investigative reporting Gary Bass uncovers an astonishing unknown story of superpower brinkmanship war scandal and conscience Revelatory authoritative and compulsively readable The Blood Telegram is a thrilling chronicle of a pivotal chapter in American foreign policy. ,


The Blood Telegram: Nixon, Kissinger, and a Forgotten Genocide