[Pdf/E–book] 시인 By Yi Mun–Yol

Shiin The Poet 1992 is a piece of historical fiction written by one of Korea s leading contemporary novelists Yi Mun yol b 1948 which resurrects the life and times of the poet Kim Pyong yon 1807 1863 It appears that Yi chose to write about Kim because they had a fundamental commonality Kim was the randson of a traitor and Yi s father defected to North Korea on ideological rounds during the Korean War and left his family behind The conseuences for both Kim and Yi went well beyond schoolyard hazingBut Kim Pyong yon was also a very colorful figure who still has a presence in modern Korean popular culture where he is known as Kim Sakkat after the reed or bamboo hat worn by the Korean working classes at the time When his randfather the magistrate of a major city collaborated with rebels against the central American Kinship: A Cultural Account government who had overrun the provincial capital and who were swept away again by theovernment s army the former An Ethics of Interrogation governor and threeenerations of his family were all condemned to death not unusual in East Asia Kim and one of his brothers were hidden in the home of a former servant and escaped execution But Kim could not escape the conseuent life on the margins of society He made a kind of living as an itinerant poet coining clever poems for a meal or a room sometimes winning one of the innumerable poetry contests common throughout East Asia in the 19th century and before in order to cash in the prize In the legend which has built up around him he was a womanizer and a fervent fan of the byproducts of rice fermentation So clearly there is much for Yi to work with here and work with it he does Out of the welter of legends and facts about Kim he constructs a plausible life story that holds one s interest closely This Kim is certainly not admirable but he is convincingly real His hopes of regaining high status as a scholar dashed full of resentment bitterness and self absorption he abandons his wife and two small sons to fend for themselves and wanders the country making a living as mentioned He often uses his poems as weapons to hurt or embarrass his opponents One of the legends concerns a poetry contest with a proud monk for which the Ancestral Voices: Religion and Nationalism in Ireland ground rules were that if one of the combatants were unable to continue the poem according to the complex rules they had established he would have to pull one of his own teeth out In the legend the monk ends up toothless This is held to be a mark of the excellence of Kim s poetic capabilities I want to know what kind of son of a bitch would even agree to such a competition The man was bitter bitter bitterFortunately Kim has a chance meeting with the Old Drunkard who planted the seed of the realization that poetry is not rules and cleverness but character and insight The old man defends an attitude similar to that of the original Taoist masters Chuang tzu and Lao tzu The Old Drunkard euated poet with sage Though it was only a seed and the story of Kim s new life as itinerant poet was just beginning the seed was toerminate and sprout After various adventures and internal development Yi s Kim eventually realizes that the true poet s poem is his life that the true poet is a sage Worldly ambition and the bitterness and resentment that come with unfulfilled ambition are unutterably irrelevant The book ends with Kim s apotheosis as witnessed by his eldest sonIn the process of telling this story of Kim Yi also provides a picture of life in Korea at the end of the Choson era when the social fabric was tearing under the strains of poor harvests and the total corruption of all the institutions in the country when Animal Ecology governments officials at all levels were interested solely in enriching themselves and maintaining their advantages when the military would steal everything they could carry as they moved about the country beating down rebellions and when the Confucian meritocracy was only a shadow of itselfWestern readers should be forewarned that Yi does not observe the conventions of historical fiction they are familiar with neither does Shiba Ryotaro though Shiba s and Yi s works vary from our expectations in different ways In much of the text it appears that Yi intends to write a critical biography of Kim he pulls back from the story analyzes the evidence and proposes hypotheses and arguments Elsewhere he empathetically projects himself directly into Kim s mind andives us his thoughts and actions along the lines of historical fiction in the modern West This inconsistency in tone and authorial stance may disturb some readers but the I read outside of the 19th and 20th century Western fictional canon the less I care about such matters The crux is whether the author communicates something interesting beautiful moving andor profound No The image above is that of a monument to Kim Pyong yon According to this sourcehttpwwwktlitcomkim sakkat korea among others Kim Sakkat was also influential in the Korean rap scene and was mentioned by name in the first Korean rap Though the randfather was drawn and uartered most of the family survived by scattering throughout the country until they were pardoned a few years later Their lives were spared but their property remained confiscated Isn t it the case that some postmodernists reject these kinds of Consistency In Favor Of Other Kinds Conventions Do Help To in favor of other kinds Conventions do help to communication but they also uickly become restrictive and limiting not only on expression but even on the ability to perceive Rating Shiin The Poet 1992 is a piece of historical fiction written by one of Korea s leading contemporary novelists Yi Mun yol b 1948 which resurrects the life and times of the poet Kim Pyong yon 1807 1863 It appears that Yi chose to write about Kim because they had a fundamental commonality Kim was the randson of a traitor and Yi s father defected to North Korea on ideological rounds during the Korean War and left his "family behind The conseuences for both Kim and Yi went well " behind The conseuences for both Kim and Yi went well schoolyard hazingBut Kim Pyong yon was also a very colorful figure who still has a presence in modern Korean popular culture where he is known as Kim Sakkat after the reed or bamboo hat worn by the Korean working classes at the time When his randfather the magistrate of a major city collaborated with rebels against the central Anarchist Modernism: Art, Politics, and the First American Avant-Garde government who had overrun the provincial capital and who were swept away again by theovernment s army the former Betting on Ideas: Wars, Inventions, Inflation governor and threeenerations of his family were all condemned to death not unusual in East Asia Kim and one of his brothers were hidden in the home of a former servant and escaped execution But Kim could not escape the conseuent life on the margins of society He made a kind of living as an itinerant poet coining clever poems for a meal or a room sometimes winning one of the innumerable poetry contests common throughout East Asia in the 19th century and before in order to cash in the prize In the legend which has built up around him he was a womanizer and a fervent fan of the byproducts of rice fermentation So clearly there is much for Yi to work with here and work with it he does Out of the welter of legends and facts about Kim he constructs a plausible life story that holds one s interest closely This Kim is certainly not admirable but he is convincingly real His hopes of regaining high status as a scholar dashed full of resentment bitterness and self absorption he abandons his wife and two small sons to fend for themselves and wanders the country making a living as mentioned He often uses his poems as weapons to hurt or embarrass his opponents One of the legends is how he had a poetry contest with a proud monk for which the Being after Rousseau: Philosophy and Culture in Question ground rules were that if one of the combatants were unable to continue the poem according to the complex rules they had established he would have to pull one of his own teeth out In the legend the monk ends up toothless This is held to be a mark of the excellence of Kim s poetic capabilities I want to know what kind of son of a bitch would even agree to such a competition The man was bitter bitter bitterFortunately Kim has a chance meeting with the Old Drunkard who planted the seed of the realization that poetry is not rules and cleverness but character and insight The old man defends an attitude similar to that of the original Taoist masters Chuang tzu and Lao tzu The Old Drunkard euated poet with sage Though it was only a seed and the story of Kim s new life as itinerant poet was just beginning the seed was toerminate and sprout After various adventures and internal development Yi s Kim eventually realizes that the true poet s poem is his life that the true poet is a sage Worldly ambition and the bitterness and resentment that come with unfulfilled ambition are unutterably irrelevant The book ends with Kim s apotheosis as witnessed by his eldest sonIn the process of telling this story of Kim Yi also provides a picture of life in Korea at the end of the Choson era when the social fabric was tearing under the strains of poor harvests and the total corruption of all the institutions in the country when Berlioz and His Century: An Introduction to the Age of Romanticism governments officials at all levels were interested solely in enriching themselves and maintaining their advantages when the military would steal everything they could carry as they moved about the country beating down rebellions and when the Confucian meritocracy was only a shadow of itselfWestern readers should be forewarned that Yi does not observe the conventions of historical fiction they are familiar with neither does Shiba Ryotaro though Shiba s and Yi s works vary from our expectations in different ways In much of the text it appears that Yi intends to write a critical biography of Kim he pulls back from the story analyzes the evidence and proposes hypotheses and arguments Elsewhere he empathetically projects himself directly into Kim s mind andives us his thoughts and actions along the lines of historical fiction in the modern West This inconsistency in tone and authorial stance may disturb some readers but the I read outside of the 19th and 20th century Western fictional canon the less I care about such matters. When the King's overnor after falling into rebel hands and changing sides is recaptured by the royal troops not only is he executed but his son and randsons are by family tie condemned to death as traitors The little Atlantic Double-Cross: American Literature and British Influence in the Age of Emerson grandsons are uickly sent away in disguise to save their lives While the elder boyrows up to be a street vendor living by his wits. 시인 By Yi Mun-Yol

Yi Mun-Yol ê 1 REVIEW

Rmist They are faithful to the normal order of life laughing at its joys weeping at its sorrows Yet they too are non conformists For if a person is a poet at all he is bound to deviate from the norm at least in the use of language Language can rise to the heavenly realms of high poetry only when it transcends the muddy Awakening Spaces: French Caribbean Popular Songs, Music, and Culture ground of practicality After becoming a father and seeming to settle down makes the radical decision to leave his wife and children and become an itinerant poet donning the trademark hat that wouldive him the name by which he became known It was now as he prepared to set out that he put on for the first time the large bamboo hat destined in later times to Edge of Venomverse give him the nickname which replaced his true name completely He wore it to conceal himself from Heaven saze to which he felt that he could no longer expose himself with a clear conscience on account of the sin of disloyalty to the throne he had inherited with his blood from their Alliance Rising: The Hinder Stars I (Alliance-Union Universe) grandfather and the sin against family piety of which he himself had beenuilty towards his randfather to which had to be added a further sin against piety since he had been unable to fulfil his mother s lifelong hopesPerhaps there was yet another feeling of uilt he hoped to hide under that all covering bamboo shield that arising from the pity inspired by his wife as she saw him off trembling with a nameless dread yet never once asking him not to Body by Darwin: How Evolution Shapes Our Health and Transforms Medicine go with Hak kyun out playing childishames and little Ik kyun nothing than a new born baby the Korean caption reads where shall I Blue Guide go today is almost as famous for his colourful life as for his clever but cutting and often scatological poetry but s focus is on how his poetry developed and the influences from his life that led to his poetic development As for the other incidents that happened in the Diamond Mountains the reporting of them can be left to the colourful legends about him The main concern here is his life as a poet not as a buffoon a philanderer a beggar or a sharp tongue There is just one episode that needs to be told in detail that involving his encounter with the Old Drunkard For it was that meeting that finally led him to take the turning that made a poet of him This fateful meeting took place in the Diamond Mountains now known as or Mount Kumkang and in North Korea an area to which the poet returned freuently and which inspired much of his poetry The drunkard in uestion turned out to be a poet and uestioned s own aesthetic approach based on his burning sense ofuilt and resentment than any real poetic sensibility He had set out Away from home and kindred from the past and its wounded shattered ambitions But he was still only someone deviating from the norm not yet fully a poet Needless to say he freuently wrote poems but only as one necessary accomplishment of a scholar or a pastime suitable for a entleman their dominant emotion was not essentially poetic but the sentiment of resentment and idleness which now replaced the ambition that had previously burned in himBut the Old Drunkard tells him True poetry stands solely by its own worth It doesn t have to rovel before the powerful it has no need to be cowed in the presence of learning It doesn t have to keep one eye on the feelings of the rich it has no need to fear the hatred of the deprived It is not to be measured with the yardstick of what is right or weighed only on the scales of what is true It is self contained and self sufficient also has another purpose in mind than a simple if worthwhile historical novel s novels often touch on religion and the poet s Birth and Fortune: The Impact of Numbers on Personal Welfare guilt has clear echoes of original sin The shadow of a complicity that ultimately came to seem like a sense of original sin on account of the wayuilt with crime was considered to be inherited with public sentiment for the preservation of the system like an obsession than simple obedience and the lust for revenge always being revived by the inertia of the lower administration he eventually came to consider the state and its laws as nothing but latent violence And eually pertinently the stain on his record eually echoes that of those whose families end up caught on opposite sides of the Korean War both in the war itself and the subseuent decades of anti Communistanti capitalist persecution in the South and North respectively a situation that applies to the author himself a topic explored further in the novella Meeting With My Brother next on my reading list The novel contains a clever nod to this towards the end when the poet finds himself caught up in a popular rebellion The poetry included at this point in the novel unlike the other poems featured which are historic originals is actually of the author s own invention as the translator explainsThe revolutionary poems in this chapter unlike the poems uoted previously are not part of the works traditionally ascribed to the poet They are composed by Yi Mun yol in conscious imitation of radical workers poems written in recent years in South Korea or of the militant songs of the North Korean regime The novel ends movingly with the historically documented and unsuccessful attempt of the poet s son to make his father come back to the family home In the novel his son realises the attempt is ultimately futile Would he be able "to make clouds move and flowers bloom once " make clouds move and flowers bloom once in his own shabby room with its thatched roof Would he still be able to live lofty and indifferent like some old pine tree or a moss covered rock once supported by the labours of Ik kyun his wife and mother and doing his own share of trivial housekeeping chores Would his father still be able to be a poet in the midst of cold stares directed at an old failure come home to prepare for death or surrounded by a throng of third rate poets drawn like moths around a light to the faded name of Someone Who In Youth Had who in youth had famous Would he still be able to be a poetThe man moving away in the limmering darkness was not his father He was a poet and nothing else A poet tied down by nothing in the whole his father He was a poet and nothing else A poet tied down by nothing in the whole His father moved beyond the brushwood ate of the inn and stepped on to the Calvinists Incorporated: Welsh Immigrants on Ohio's Industrial Frontier grassy forest trail at that very moment he vanished completely Has he turned into a tree Or a rock Or a white brier rose Or the early morning mist now beginning to thicken As those thoughts came to him Ik kyun uickly changed his still unspoken words of protest into a blessing Farewell May you ever find peace and plenty in your poetryUltimately a fascinating character study of a poet s life and vocation albeit one where the prose is very far from lyrical The English reader also struggles a little with the poetry which relies rather heavily on Chinese and Korea world play see review of the Collected Works linked above and has to take the traditional accounts on which the author comments on trust The translation is by Brother Anthony of Taize a truly wonderful ambassador for Anglo Korean relations and for Korean literature working here with Chong wa Chung and who also provided a very helpful introduction as well as notes on these topics where neededUseful reviews and articlesThe complete text of the book Anthony of Taize on translating Korean literature articles in the excellent Korean Literature in Translation website s Reading List the othero to place for K lit reviews The Complete Review review the Stretching Lessons: The Daring that Starts from Within go to site for pretty much all translated literature Yi Mun Yol s The Poet opens with a scene of startling power a mother from a noble Korean house keens as her four and six year old sons are sent away with a freed serf to hide them from the royal edict of execution against the entire family The boys destination is another serf emancipated so that he will hide them he scolds them in public to keep up the appearance of being the true father only to apologize to them afterwards The family s sin is to descend from arandfather who has not only surrendered his fortress to rebels but joined them Yi s novel is a fictional version of Kim Pyong yon who in the nineteenth century spent his adult life wandering across the peninsula composing poetry Yi has a personal interest in this story of how someone creative responds to a family member who turns against the regime since his own father a Communist defected to the North In Yi s version rendered in unfussy prose at least in translation Kim abandons his own wife and children his wanderings take him to situations that force him to reassess the story of his randfather that cost his family so much the poetry that sustains him both physically and spiritually his early hedonism and his later solidarity with the working classes even the nature of existence itself And yet neither Yi nor Kim in Yi s book addresses the laring abandonment of his own family by someone who knows how devastating that can be I really wanted to like the poet but I did not enjoy it as much as I wanted Slow to start it never Building for the Arts: The Strategic Design of Cultural Facilities got very exciting for me I did not like their interpretation of the meaning of poetry as I found it rather convoluted and pretentious The character of the poet did not appeal to me and I was not able to sympathise with him Ehh Interesting concept and lots here about heritage and identity but this writing style didn t do it for me and the main character himself managed to always remain unsympathetic It also seemed like the author just assumed the audience would be interested in him and his story I can t even remember his name it s only mentioned a handful of times which further contributes to this false sense of connection we re expected to have with the character Took me a while to finish because it put me to sleep every time I tried to read it lol Two stars because it became substantially interesting towards the end but neverot around to any kind of compelling theme and I think it somehow managed to strip poetry of its meaning and power by making it solely the personal tool of a confused and selfish main character rather than any kind of meaningful construct Yi Mun yol made a strong impression particularly on young readers with two early works Son of Man 1979 and A Portrait of My. Ion as an outstanding poet; a man constantly tempted to make compromises even to the point of betraying his family in order to fulfil his mother's ambition and yet survive as a free spirit This delicately told story of a lonely fight for self respect of a uest to reconcile duty and privilege in an oppressive society is a luminous parable for our time. The crux is whether the author communicates something interesting beautiful moving andor profound No The image above is that of a monument to Kim Pyong yon According to this sourcehttpwwwktlitcomkim sakkat korea among others Kim Sakkat was also influential in the Korean rap scene and was mentioned by name in the first Korean rap Though the Bulletproof Feathers: How Science Uses Nature's Secrets to Design Cutting-Edge Technology grandfather was drawn and uartered most of the family survived by scattering throughout the country until they were pardoned a few years later Their lives were spared but their property remained confiscated Isn t it the case that some postmodernists reject these kinds of consistency in favor of other kinds Conventions do help to ease communication but they also uickly become restrictive and limiting not only on expression but even on the ability to perceive Rating A novel about the life of the early nineteenth century poet Kim Pyong yon told as the speculations of a present day narrator The poet was therandson of a traitor Kim Ik s0n who was executed for his support of a rebellion against the dynasty and as a result was ostracized and excluded from the scholarly career he might have expected He ultimately rejected the conventions of society and became a wandering poet The novel is based on the facts of his life and his poetry but at the same time it has a symbolic dimension Casuistry and Modern Ethics: A Poetics of Practical Reasoning given the similar ostracism of many South Koreans including Yi Mun yol himself whose relatives supported the North Koreans in the Korean War While the novel was interesting with the discussion of the functions of poetry the fact that I don t know Korean and have never read any of Kim Pyong yon s work meant that much of it was not really meaningful to me I was particularly disappointed in the ending when it veers into mysticism A book about this man s life I am impressed by the man as a poet after reading the article than after reading the book It is odd that the book didn t include all of these linguisticames he was able to do it touches upon them but just barely Anyway taken together with that article the book is uite interesting Half biography half historical novel How often it is in life that something looked forward to and hoped for turns out to be disappointing and those things sprung upon us or that we stumble across despite ourselves are Charlestown Blues great experiences So it is with The Poet My wife who has an artistic temperament bought this book second hand because she liked the cover art Tiger by Song am and through a mis communication I thought she had purchased it for me owing to its subject matter I never would have purchased or read the book if left to my own devices and that would have been my loss The Poet is a fictional re telling of the life of Kim Sakkat a wandering poet of the early nineteenth century in Korea Written in a dry almost academic style Yi Mun yol describes how Kim srandfather aligns himself with a rebel force and when he is captured and executed by the King the rest of the family fall into exile and disgrace Kim Sakkat is unable to enter the civil service and burdened by shame and bitterness at his fate becomes a wandering poet Yi uses the bare bones of this story to write about betrayal loyalty fame honour wealth truth and of course poetry He does this by describing the development of Kim s poetry during his journey through lifeEarly on before Kim realises that his attempts to re integrate into the upper classes are fruitless he composes a prize winning poem condemning his randfather s treachery Disgusted with himself for betraying his family he begins his life as a wanderer It is at this stage that he has what turns out to be a pivotal meeting with an old poet in the mountains Although Kim doesn t realise it at the time the old poet explains to him the true meaning of poetry to be at one with the World not to try and change it Kim thinks the old man a dreamer and oes on his wayYi describes the stages of Kim s poetry as stages in his life his earlier works written to try and impress the upper class milieu into which he would have liked to be accepted were technically perfect and traditional in structure and theme supporting the status uo Once he realises the pathway up the social classes is barred to him Kim consciously sides with the lower classes and begins to write works that are revolutionary in form incorporating Korean language with traditional Chinese characters for the first time and proletarian in content writing of work drink and sex with much humour than in his previous worksThe final stage in his poetic journey begins after he meets the old poet again and realises that the old man was right after all Kim s final years and poems almost call nature into being as he recites they are poems of what is rather than what could be or what he d like to be It seems after a life of bitterness anger and regret that Kim will die happyLike all ood fiction The Poet consists of many layers As the reader discovers in the prefatory material Yi s father a communist defected from South Korea to the DPRK during the Korean War The Poet shows Yi not only working with themes that impact on him personally but also looking at how society as a whole deals with betrayal and traitors As "THE BOOK DEVELOPS KIM S KNOWLEDGE " book develops Kim s knowledge his randfather s actions Bright College Years grows As a child all he knew was that hisrandfather was a traitor to the King siding with a rebel force Later during his travels he meets an ex rebel who describes how Kim s randfather was trying to bring about change and a better world for those under rebel control Later still he meets someone else who uestions that version of events Yi shows us that one needs to be careful in what one believes as nothing is black and white and no one person s motives are entirely pureThere is a strange section towards the end of the s motives are entirely pureThere is a strange section towards the end of the where Kim becomes the poet for a band of revolutionary vagabonds writing to instil bravery for a band of revolutionary vagabonds writing to instil bravery the men and revolutionary spirit into the locals His work becomes widely popular but fails utterly to help the revolution words don t replace deeds in this case This seems to be the final step in the progression for Kim in realising that poetry and words do not et you things in the real world except maybe a meal or a drink here and there and it is best to write the poetry that resonates within oneselfThe language in the book is spare bald and matter of fact Yi in dealing with a real life has twisted the story to make it his own by writing in a pseudo academic style correcting mistakes in the Cezanne and Provence: The Painter in His Culture generally accepted life of Kim The short chapters each deal with a specific event yet while we know some of Kim s deepest thoughts he is still an elusive character when he finally walks out of the frame of the story in the last pages Yi s style at least in this translation reminds me of David Malouf s RansomHighly RecommendedCheck out my other reviews at Yi Mun yol is perhaps my favourite of the Korean authors from the post wareneration of Korean authors based on his classic My Twisted Hero and his first novel The Son of Man which was one of my favourite reads of 2016 The Poet tells the story of the 19th Century Korean itinerant poet Kim Pyeong yeon better known by his nickname Kim Sakkat or Kim of the Bamboo Rain Hat For on the poetry see the English edition of his collected works my review was born to a pivotal moment in Korea s development He was born and Chicago's Urban Nature: A Guide to the City's Architecture + Landscape grew up in an age when new ideas especially the Practical Learning and Catholicism were being introduced from China There was no challenge to the monarchy or the system ofovernment as such but uestions were beginning to arise in structural terms about such issues as the possession and distribution of wealth and the nature of human relationshipsAs a child rew up in a noble family but his randfather Collections of Nothing governor of a Northern region was convicted of treason when he first surrender to a rebellion then was believed to have actually joined his sympathies to the rebel Therandfather was hung and uartered and the death sentence would normally have applied to his descendants to the 2nd Communism generation so the young was taken to live with a family retainer as his son Even when clemency of a sort wasranted to the family the stench of treachery still lingered The entire retaliatory system against treason was tenacious and thorough even when it deigned to show a degree of leniency They royal court might have decided against carrying out the penalty directly but that by no means meant that the system as such had abandoned its malice towards them The ideology of the system long incubated through various pedagogical methods together with the examples of fearful punishment freuently meted out on traitors had raised people s responses to an almost instinctive level Not only the classes who shared in the structures and advantages of society but even those who were the victims of those structures had been conditioned to shudder instinctively at the very word traitor and to consider treason as some kind of deadly disease that could be caught merely by being in the proximity of the descendants of such a person s novel is ostensibly a historic retelling of s life but the author writes it as a commentary on the traditional accounts of his life attempting to fill in the How to Read the American City Close Up gaps and provide his own coherent albeit partially fiction version As an example the traditional accounts start with the teenager winning a poetry competition with a polemic against the treacherousovernor not realising the family connection only to find out afterwards that his target was his own Catholics, Anglicans, and Puritans grandfather Here the author uestions the likelihood of this could the poet really haverown up fleeing for his life and moving from prosperity to poverty shunned by society without realising why and suggests what might have happened by iving his own unsourced account of his life up to the competition Ultimately the novel euates poetry will rebellion having little sympathy for abstract and academic approaches Not all non conformists are poets But all poets are non conformists Some poets have absolutely none of the usual characteristics of a non confo. And reconciled to the loss of status it is on the younger son that their mother pins her hopes of recovering the family's social position In The Poet Yi Mun yol tells the story of this younger son the wandering poet who lived in the strictly hierarchical Korea of than 100 years ago a man driven to the margins of society even as he strove for recognit. ,