紫式部日記 Murasaki Shikibu Nikki [E–book/E–pub]


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紫式部日記 Murasaki Shikibu NikkiAnd I became unusually proficient at understanding those passages that he found too difficult to grasp and memorize Father a most learned man was always egretting the fact Just my luck he would say What a pity she was not born a man But then I gradually ealized that people were saying It s bad enough when a man flaunts his Chinese learning she will come to no good and since I have avoided writing the simplest character my feminist hearts bleed for herThen Her Majesty asked me to The Witch who was a princess read with her here and there from the Collected Works of Po Ch i and because she evinced a desire to know about such things to keep it secret we carefully chose times when other women would not be present and from the summer before last I started giving her informal lessons on the two volumes of New Ballads I hid this fact from others as did Her Majesty but somehow both His Excellency and His Majesty got wind of it and they had some beautiful copies made of the various Chinese books which His Excellency then presented to her I triedeading the Tale of Genji again but it did not seem to be the same as before and I was disappointed Those with whom I had discussed things of mutual interest how vain and frivolous they must consider me no I thought and then ashamed that I could even contemplate such a emark I found it difficult to write to them There is something about this book that sparks my imagination Perhaps it is the fact that it is written over a thousand years ago and yet I feel like I would connect and be bffs with Murasaki straight away which is obviously me fangirling she would at the very least think me very uncultured for not knowing all the Chinese classics I ll have to work on that Here are a few of my favorite theoriesfan fiction ideas about this book Murasaki is actually lesbian which would explain why she s constantly trying to withdraw from the public male places and go hang out with only the other court ladies it would also work nicely with this passage In particular I missed Lady Dainagon who would often talk to me as we lay close by Her Majesty in the evenings Had I then indeed succumbed to court life I sent to her the following How I long for those waters on which we layA longing keener than the frost on a duck s wingTo which she epliedAwakening to find no friend to brush away the frostThe mandarin duck longs for her mate at nightFootnote by the translator Mandarin ducks were supposed to always go around in inseparable pairs This common metaphor for lovers originally came from Chinese literature but had by this time become firmly a part of the Japanese poetic vocabulary These poems should be seen as forming a conventional exchange between close friends nothing Obviously the translator is trying to destroy my fan fiction ight here but that doesn t eally change anything Murasaki meets Jane Austen and perhaps Sai Shonagon in a parallel universe and they discuss the pro and cons of living in the country side both Murasaki and Shonagon hade fathers who were provincial governors but at least Shonagon had a very snobbish attitude towards the countryside Austen obviously abhors all thing city andor court the downside of having to downplay your intelligence and wit as to not offend society the hilarity in male critics not taking your work seriously because you Jeden výdych koňa re a woman and you mention clothes in your books the upside in not getting a formal education leaving you entirely free youe upper class with time on your hands after all to make up a much interesting education on your own deploring that you all had to ely on getting your education from male classics when you e well aware now that women have been writing since forever considering asking Edhuanna to join the conversation This is perhaps better ead before eading The Tale of Genji which I ve only just finished I was still on a high from that masterpiece when I dived into the diary It s precisely what it claims to be a diary but not a deeply intimate one the diary It s precisely what it claims to "Be A Diary But Not " a diary but not deeply intimate one lacks the vivid liveliness of the novel and seems so dry after experiencing the dramas of Prince Genji Lady Murasaki and their contemporaries The Diary is a factual What It Takes: Fighting for My Life and My Love of the Game recounting of daily court life with some personaleflection woven throughout the text The fiction version shimmers to life and transports you back to medieval Japan but the diary did not have that mesmerizing power at least not for me Less a memoir and a series of pretty impressionistic word pictures strung together like Christmas cards little sketches of a fussy formal effete world long gone It is still the depth of night The moon has clouded over darkening the shadows under the trees There come voices Can we open the shutters But the servants will not be Luftwaffe Fighters 1945 (Topcolors) ready yet Attendant Open up Then the bell for the dawn watch suddenly wakes everyone up and the Ritual of the Five Mystic Kings begins I was absent from the mansion the day the Governor of Harima gave a banuet as a forfeit for losing a game of go and it was only later that Sometime after the twentieth of the eighth month those nobles and senior courtiers whose presence waseuired at the mansion started to stay the night They would take naps on the bridge and the veranda of the east wing and play music in desultory fashion The younger members who were as yet unskilled in either koto or flute held competitions to see who was the best at chanting s tras and they practiced the latest songs together His Excellency carried the baby prince in his arms preceded by Lady Kosh sh with the sword and Miya no Naishi with the tiger s head On the last night of the year the ceremony for casting out devils was over very early so I was esting in my oom blackening my teeth and putting on a light powder when On the ninth of the ninth month Lady Hy bu brought me floss silk damp with chrysanthemum dew Here she said Her Excellency sent this especially for you She said you were to use it carefully to wipe old age away It s like the Dreamlands or Gormenghast Murasaki Shikibu was one of the women enowned for producing Japanese literature during the Heian Era She is the author of the famous Genji Monogatari and by the time this diary was written she had already become famous as an author As a lady in waiting to Empress Shoshi Murasaki writes about the birth of Shoshi s second son Atshuhira in The Diary of Lady Murasaki The translation of my edition is done by Richard Bowring a British historian specialising in Japanese history and culture He has done a highly commendable job Without the detailed introduction provided by the translator putting everything into context I would not have enjoyed the book as much as I did However some confusions into context I would not have enjoyed the book as much as I did However some confusions For instance I freuently had no idea who was who and how they were elated There were times when there was a list of names and while it might have made sense to contemporaries many of these names are now almost obscure Also whom did Her Majesty and Her Excellency Wonderful Memories of It's a Wonderful Life refer to One of them definitelyefers to Empress Shoshi but which one And it s a mystery who the other woman is It could be Ichijo s mother or his first wife The first half of the diary is a detailed description of the ceremonies taking place after the birth Then at some point the tone of the diary changes to become much personal As mentioned in the introduction it does appear that only fragments of the original diary have Green Eyed Envy remained But though theows of names and descriptions of The A-List Diet Fitness Plan robes does pall after a while there are some intere. Ween the Emperor's consorts with sharp criticism of Murasaki's fellow ladies in waiting and drunken courtiers and tellingemarks about the timid Empress and her powerful father Michinaga The Diary is also a work of great subtlety and intense personal eflection as Murasaki makes penetrating insights into human psychology her pragmatic observations always balanced by an exuisite and pensive mel. ,
PrefaceA Note on Japanese Names and DatesIntroduction Cultural Background The Author The Diary The Diary of Lady Murasaki Appendix 1 Ground plans and MapAppendix 2 Additional SourcesA Guide to Further Reading There s no meaning to the star ating here so I forgo it This was a very odd The King's Cardinal: The Rise and Fall of Thomas Wolsey reading experience the editor and translator of the Penguin edition seemed most keen to stop meeading the actual diary itself He stressed time and again that it s very hard to understand what s going on and there s The Lupus Encyclopedia: A Comprehensive Guide for Patients and Families really not that much here etc etc Well that s true On the other hand the actual diary is very short Bowring s annotations introductions and appendices are helpful and unless we ve all been massively hoaxed this is a bit of a diary by one of the great writers the human species has ever thrown up I confess I say this based oneputation When I Grow Up, I'm Going to Play for the Nebraska Cornhuskers rather than a thorough knowledge of Genji and is well wortheading for that alone Murasaki is a charming diarist even though she s describing Sextus: Ou, Le Romain Des Maremmes: Suivi D'Essais Detaches Sur L'Italie: Par M. Me Hortense Allart de Therase rituals and goings on that Ieally do not understand even in the slightest in brief a Die Zarin royal baby is born Muchitual follows What I do understand however is gentle melancholy which is here in spades and literary snark of which there is only half a spadeful but boy what a spadeful she drops on Shonagon s head That s a spat I d love to know about I say Bowring s editorial work is helpful but it isn t that helpful For instance people are often Meaning in History: The Theological Implications of the Philosophy of History referred to by honorary titles Her Excellency Her Majesty etc But wee never told what those titles might mean I think I worked it out but I could easily be wrong Given that we have multiple architectural diagrams of fairly easy to visualize buildings the note to Will Gallows and the Snake-Bellied Troll read another book to learn about the titles seems a little grudging So I m doing a lil survey of Heian period female written literature consisting of six books The Diary of Lady Murasaki The Tale of Genji As I Crossed A Bridge of Dreams The Gossamer Years The Pillow Book and The Confessions of Lady Nijo okay technically that last one is Kamakura period but what s a century among friends Murasaki s diary was a little disappointing honestly This from the author of the world s first novel arguably Fairly dry with its dogged insistence ofandom details told in a cool detached slightly depressing voice I guess it s a good introduction to the period I m situated I have an image of what a Heian period noblewoman It has come to my attention through Goodreads that I m uite the slow Nosferatu reader nowadays Personally I blame the Internet orather I spend a great deal of time Snuggle Up, Little One: A Treasury of Bedtime Stories reading but of it turns out to be silly digital articles than books The upside of all this that when I do finish a book it becomes uite a significant milestone in my mind This would explain why I feel there is so much to say about thisather slim thing of a diary left to us by Lady Murasaki author of The Tale of Genji and court lady and tutor to an empressIt is so slim in fact that many academics as mentioned in the excellent foreword keep having this nagging suspicion that this is a e written version and perhaps just a fragment of the original It sad to think of how much that is probably lost that this sliver is so filled with so many descriptions of court life when you long to know of the inner life of Murasaki Although or perhaps because of being a novice to all things Heian Period 794 1192 or Japanese history in general I m eading this in part due to my interest in women s history and in part as preparation to someday The Jive Talker reading the intimidating The Tale of Genji I found that the descriptions of court life and ceremonies uite intriguing At one moment it all seems impossibly stiff and otherworthly the next moment the very same people are drunk and crying at the sight of their son or flirting shamelessly with the closet person in sight My enjoyment of the court descriptions probably has to do with Murasaki seflective style When I compare her to the very formal diaries all written in the male only Chinese included in the Appendix I ealize how lucky we are all written in the male only Chinese included in the Appendix I ealize how lucky we are have her Wolfgang records That is not to say thateading her is a laugh Publishing Women: Salons, the Presses, and the Counter-Reformation in Sixteenth-Century Italy riot She is somber and pensive to say the least At the moment I m telling myself that I have to finish thiseview before getting further along with The Pillow Book the exuberant diarynotebooklist fest of her contemporary Sei Shonagon It appears that The Pillow Book is far popular among the Goodread crowd and it s supposed to be a lust filled and engaging ead To me it appears to be a Uestion Of Different But Eually of different but eually styles Murasaki is melancholy sure but it is a beautiful melancholy with an incredible eye for pointing out the follies of those around her The tone almost eminds me of one of my first loves Austen Lady Koshosho is so indefinably elegant and graceful she Кракатит reminds one of a weeping willow in spring She has a lovely figure and a charming manner but is far tooetiring diffident to the point of being incapable of making up her mind about anything so na ve it makes one want to weep Whenever someone unscrupulous tries to take advantage of her or spreads Werewolf: The Apocalypse rumors she immediately takes it all to heart She is so vulnerable and so easily dismayed that you would think she was on the point of expiring I do worry about her Doesn t that just sound like a description of Jane Bennet Though of course most of this book is in the tone of the later Austen the Mansfield Park and Persuasion Austen The seclusive Murasaki constantly withdraws from the court festivities she describes in such detail Realizing that it was bound to a terribly drunken affair this evening Lady Saisho and I decided toetire once the formal part was over We were just about to leave when His Excellency s two sons together with Kantetaka and some other gentleman came into the eastern gallery and started to create a commotion We hid behind the dais but his Excellency pulled back the curtains and we were both caught A poem each for the Prince he cried Then I ll let you go I felt uite depressed and went to my Das überforderte Gehirn: Mit Steinzeitwerkzeug in der Hightech-Welt room for a while toest I had intended to go over later if I felt Better But Then Kohyoe And Kohobu Came In And Sat but then Kohyoe and Kohobu came in and sat down by the hibachi It s so crowded over there you can hardly see a thing they complained His Excellency appeared What do you think you e all doing sitting around like this he said Come along with me Of course being a very eflexive person she s well aware of her own Ivy Vines Visions rather gloomy aura And when I play my kotoather badly to myself in the cool breeze of the evening I worry lest someone might hear me and Mein Plan zur Rettung der unsichtbaren Freundin von nebenan recognize how I am adding to the sadness of it all how vain and sad of me This and similareflections saves her from sounding all too bitter and self indulgent And as a Home: The Story of Everyone Who Ever Lived in Our House reader how can one not feel for her when all she tries to do is to be alone with her books Whenever my loneliness threatens to overwhelm me I take out one or two of them to look at but my women gather together behind my back It s because she goes on like that she is so miserable What kind of lady is it whoeads Chinese books they whisper In the past it was not even the done thing to Chicken Licken read sutras Yes I feel likeeplying but I ve never met anyone who lived longer just because they believed in superstitions We also learn a bit about how she became a learned lady the teacher to the empress and her feelings of being an author When my brother was a young boy learning the Chinese classics I was in the habit of listening with him. 'When I go out to sit on the veranda and gazeI sem to be always conjuring up visions of the past'The Diary ecorded by Lady Murasaki c 973 c 1020 author of The Tale of Genji is an intimate picture of her life as tutor and companion to the young Empress Shoshi Told in a series of vignettes it offers evealing glimpses of the Japanese imperial palace the auspicious birth of a prince Mindfulness for Black Dogs Blue Days: Finding a Path Through Depression rivalries bet. Sting insights to the culture It was amusing toead how much Murasaki appeared to despise Sei Shonogan the author of the famous The Pillow Book I wondered why until I did some Koshka's Tales: Stories from Russia research andealised that it made sense since Sei Shonogan served Empress Teishi first wife of Emperor Ichijo while Murasaki served Empress Shoshi the second wife and consort This speaks of interesting court intrigues but sadly Murasaki doesn t get into any particularsMurasaki tends to be The Deadly Art of Love and Murder rather morose and depressed for most of the narrative when she is not in description mode One does wonder what her story was There was a time when she mentions holding Chinese books collected by someone close to her Husband or father Did she miss him badly and hence was so depressed The book has left me intensely curious about this lady and her life Thus do I criticize others from various angles but here is one who has survived this far without having achieved anything of note I have nothing in particular to look forward to in the future that might afford me the slightest consolation but I am not the kind of person to abandon herself completely to despair And yet by the same token I cannot entirelyid myself of such feelings On autumn evenings which positively encourage nostalgia when I go out to sit on the veranda and gaze I seem to be always conjuring up visions of the past and did they praise the beauty of this moon of yore Knowing full well that I am inviting the kind of misfortune one should avoid I become uneasy and move inside a little while still of course continuing to ecall the pastEach one of us is uite different Some are confident open and forthcoming Others are born pessimists amused by nothing the kind who search through old letters carry out penances intone s tras without end and clack their beads all of which makes one feel uncomfortable So I hesitate to do even those things I should be able to do uite freely only too aware of my own servants prying eyes How much so at court where I have many things I would like to say but always think the better of it because there would be no point in explaining to people who would never understand I cannot be bothered to discuss matters in front of those women who continually carp and are so full of themselves it would only cause trouble It is so are to find someone of true understanding for the most part they judge purely by their own standards and ignore everyone else The timeless nature of this passage is unuestionable and thus The London Marathon rather unsettling the same concerns for centuries Feb 27 18 Photo credit Portrait of Murasaki Shikibu by Tosa Mitsuoki CC Maybe later on my blog The Diary of Lady Murasaki written by Murasaki Shikibu and translated by Richard Bowring isn t for everyone It begins as a very detailedecord of the birth of a new Prince in the Heian Japanese Court as seen through Murasaki s eyes Detailing all the costume and RSPB Pocket Garden Birdwatch rituals of the court someeaders may get bored of The Courtship Maneuver (The Alpha Billionaire Club - Book 2) reading paragraphs dedicated to a certain woman s ceremonial dress or what exactly happens on the 5th day of a Prince s life Later it becomeseflective on Murasaki s life and the lives of the People around her It s a elatively short 5Another unexpected favourite So much so that I m putting it on my physical wishlist I ead it as a kind of appetiser for The Tale of Genji to see if Murasaki s writing style was to my taste before committing to 1200 pages of Heian prose and while I m still to start The Tale of Genji the diary is actually so beautiful that even if that one should turn out to be a flop the author has already earned a place in my heartA good introduction is absolutely necessary to understand what s going on here and Bowring has done a superb job without being too extensive The first half is dedicated to a general overview of power gender and social status in Heian Japan
followed by little 
by little on themes that are prevalent in the diary poetry eligious ituals architecture fashion court titles The latter half contains a very short biography Murasaki is similar to Shakespeare in that we know barely anything about her but have a fairly large body of work that people have been tempted to mine for autobiographical eferences and discussions about the date of composition and the very likely possibility that what survives is only a fragment of the original diaryAs someone who knows barely enough about CONTEMPORARY JAPANESE CULTURE LET ALONE ITS HISTORY I FOUND Japanese culture let alone its history I found information very well delivered and absolutely sufficient in helping me understand the diary Bowring might perhaps have added a short sentence clarifying that Their Majesties are the imperial pair and Their Excellencies are the parents of the Empress because I ve seen some eviewers being confused about who is meant by those titles but to me it was clear enough On the point of translation I am hardly ualified to pass any kind of judgement but the text was fluid to Confessions of a Freelance Penmonkey read and felt very immediate the best kind of translation is when you feel like the author is speaking directly to you not whispering the words into someone else s ear to pass it on to you The only thing that tripped me up sometimes was the use of the title bishop which for me at least has exclusively Christian connotations and seemed out of place in a Japanese diary but perhaps there is no good euivalent for the Japanese title in English and this is the best approximation Bowring could come up withWhile Murasaki s accounts of courtituals are without a doubt extremely interesting especially her detailed descriptions of the ladies dresses though I can see how some people might find that exhausting in the long Lithic Illustration: Drawing Flaked Stone Artifacts for Publication run my favourite parts were actually the sudden selfeflecting passages interspersed throughout Murasaki was obviously weighed down by something from her past that she never specified in her diary but I imagine she must have been suffering a lot for her to become so melancholy on the most trivial of occasions For example shortly after the much awaited birth of the Crown Prince elaborate preparations begin for the arrival of the Emperor part of which were of course flower decorationsAs the day for the imperial visit to the mansion approached everything was Buying the Night Flight: The Autobiography of a Woman Foreign Correspondent (Updated Edition) repaired and polished Rare chrysanthemums were ordered and transplanted As I gazed out at them through the wraiths of morning mist some fading to varying hues others yellow and in their prime all arranged in various ways it seemed to me that old age might indeed be conuered But then for some strangeeason if only my appetites were mundane I might find joy in life egain a little youth and face it all with euanimity seeing and hearing these marvellous auspicious events only served to strengthen my yearnings I felt downcast vexed that nothing was turning out as I had hoped and that my misery simply seemed to increaseBut why I asked myself Now surely is the time to forget It does me no good to fret and besides it will only make matters worseAs day dawned I looked outside and saw the ducks playing about on the lake as if they had not a care in the worldCan I emain indifferent to those birds on the waterI too am floating in a sad uncertain worldThey looked as though they were enjoying life but must suffer greatly i thoughtwhat is she trying suffer greatly I thoughtWhat is she trying forget What is this misery that is haunting her Are the cut flowers and the delay of their decay any clues I Adam und Eva im Paradies. Für die fröhlichen Nachkommen aufgezeichnet really would have liked to find out to hear her confide what was obviously weighing her down so much. AncholyIn his illuminating introduction Richard Bowing discusses what is known of Murasaki's life and theeligion ceremonies costumes architecture and politics of her time to explain the cultural background to her vivid evocation of court life This edition also includes an explanation of Japanese names and dates appendices and updated further eadingTranslated and introduced by RICHARD BOWRING.