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Unfair author Adam Benforado

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As depressing as you would expect from the title But this is not just another book about structural racism or corruption much of it is dedicated to exploring how rofoundly incapable we are of living up to the fantasy of our justice system He references countless studies showing that not just jurors and eyewitnesses but Vibrator police lawyers and judges exhibit shockingly irrational behavior I read a fair number of topical the world is going to hell if we don t fix X now books and much of this book is completely under society s radar meaning that comprehensive reform to address thesesychological faults is likely on the other side of a long battle that hasn t even started yetMy biggest complaint about the book is the lack of endnotes The bibliography is substantial but Benforado will introduce the shocking results of a study with research shows blah with no hint to where in the 30 All of You (Carrington Family pages of bibliography for that chapter I should turn Heromises full endnotes on his website but that is still not available although a Letzte Haut pdf for an earlier draft is available Perhaps he saved 20ages by not having endnotes but it cuts his message off at the knees This book is EXCELLENT Put it on the top of your to read list if you are interested in the Justice system This is the book I have been waiting to read I taught criminology and criminal justice to undergrads and am now wishing Adam Benforado had written a textbook I truly hope he turns this incredible 2084 - Entopischer Dialog popular science book about crime decision making and justice into a textbook for the next generation of students who are interested in taking a job in some aspect of our criminal justice sys Unfair The New Science of Criminal Injustice by Adam Benforado Unfair is a fantastic well researched look at what is at the heart of our unfair criminal system Lawrofessor Adam Benforado has rovided the ublic with an eye opening gem grounded on the best current science historical court cases and insightful research He explores the nature of the criminal mind eyewitness memory jury deliberations Return To Opal Reach (Scarlet Series) policerocedures and intuitions about Chief Inspector Jewel Friedman (Jewel Friedman Mysteries, punishment This enlightening 402age book includes twelve chapters broken out into the following four Barnaby Smith parts I Investigation II Adjudication III Punishment and IV ReformPositives1 A well written well researched book that is grounded on sound logic and good science2 A fascinating topic the new science of our unfair criminal system 3 Mastery of a complex topic and innate ability to educate and enlighten at an accessible level 4 I love the tone andace of this book Benforado is very careful not to oversell the benefits of science while at the same time clearly showing what good research has uncovered and the shortcomings of our system Kudos5 A clearly defined theme Injustice is built into our legal structures and influences outcomes every minute of every day And its origins lie not inside the dark heart of a bigoted L'Atlantide et le règne des géants police officer or a scheming DA but within the mind of each and every one of us Intriguing 6 Provides many interesting cases and immerses sound logic and science into each one David Rosenbaum s story illustrates an unacceptable chain of mistakes Thehysical disgust they felt may have generated an explanation for David s condition that involved lack of discipline and fanshen the magic bear poor character drunkenness rather than anotherotential cause a stroke seizure diabetes head injury or drug interaction And once the ETOH label was attached David was in trouble 7 Confirmation bias and its impact to our criminal system Once David was labeled a drunk the responders and medical The Afterlife of Scholarship: A Critical Review of 'the Rebbe' by Samuel Heilman and Menachem Friedman professionals appeared to focus on finding evidence that supported that description 8 A fascinating look at false confessions and what leads to them False confessions and incriminating statements are the leading contributors to wrongful homicide convictionsresent in over 60 Rattenfänger (Hongkong Stories 1) percent of the known DNA murder exoneration cases in the United States More broadly they appear to have been a factor in about 25ercent of all First Year post conviction exonerations 9 Great use of neuroscience Some scientists have claimed that roughly half of the variability in antisocial traits across theopulation comes down to the genes that eople are born with All things being eual if you have a Y chromosome you are several times likely to engage in violent criminal behavior And sychopaths and Late Cainozoic Floras of Iceland: 15 Million Years of Vegetation and Climate History in the Northern North Atlantic pedophiles are both disproportionately men But it can be hard to separate out the impact of genes from social factors after all men and women are subjected to very different arrays of experiences and expectations 10 A look at how lawyers break the rules and what can be done about it We should worry then about the enormous control thatrosecutors have over the state s evidence and witnesses they are the ones who decide if and when the defendant s team will receive the ballistics report or the DNA report or a copy of the witness statement or the initial olice write up Research suggests that the rosecutors are focused on winning rather than on achieving justice the likely they will be to act dishonestly 11 The role of juries Of course the faith we have in our own erceptions and our cynical discrediting of those with whom we disagree can create trouble even when a jury does get to consider the case As jurors we are often oblivious to how our own reexisting commitments beliefs and biases shape our impressions but we uickly and easily spot them influencing others 12 Surprising findings and tidbits used throughout the book Recent research suggests that a erson s weight can influence juror assessments with male jurors likely to reach a guilty verdict when the accused is an overweight woman than when she is thin 13 So how reliable is our memory There is for instance compelling evidence that eyewitness identifications are freuently inaccurate When the actual erpetrator appears in a lineup along compelling evidence that eyewitness identifications are freuently inaccurate When the actual Tasting Paris: An Intimate Guide: The Streets, the Bistros, and the Louvre perpetrator appears in a lineup along several innocent fillers witnesses fail toick anyone out about a third of the time 14 The impact of race Research suggests that Förster Grünrock erzählt people are 50ercent likely to make an error in identifying a erson from another race although individuals who have a lot of contact with the other race tend to be accurate 15 Great stuff on separating truth from untruth Overall it turns out that we are uite bad at ferreting out deception In A RECENT ANALYSIS OF THAN TWO HUNDRED STUDIES PARTICIPANTS recent analysis of than two hundred studies articipants able to identify lies and truths correctly just 54 ercent of the time only marginally better than chance 16 An excellent chapter on judging Although she was forced to retreat from her statements about how gender and ethnicity influence judging Justice Sotomayor was right identities and ersonal experiences do affect the facts that judges choose to see 17 So #what drives us to unish Indeed there is a growing scientific consensus #drives us to unish Indeed there is a growing scientific consensus it is a desire for retribution not deterrence or incapacitation that has the strongest influence on why we unish 18 A look at rison life Ugly facts A country that abolished slavery 150 years ago now has a greater number of black men in the correctional system than there were slaves in 1850 and a greater Scottish Rite percentage of its blackopulation in jail than was imprisoned in apartheid South Africa Black male and no high school diploma It s likely than not that you will spend time in How to Win the Nobel Prize: An Unexpected Life in Science prison during your life 19 Compelling arguments on what we can do to improve our society The startingoint of any reform comes in understanding and accepting this reality We all need to look at the criminal justice system through new eyes So raising awareness about Life Among the Surrealists psychology and neuroscience research is critical 20 Notes and a formal bibliography included Negatives1 I have one main negative the lack of links to notes A real shame since I m one of those readers who loves to dig deeper into the references That being said I ve read and reviewed a number of books that makes references to such research and Benforado is onoint 2 Charts and diagrams would have complemented this excellent narrativeIn summary I absolutely loved this book It has two of my favorite subjects fused into one where science meets our criminal system and all that it implies Benforado won me over with his mastery of this fascinating topic great Ä pacing and excellent insights and dare I say judicial use of the best of our current science It s been a while since I ve read a book this good kudos I can t recommend this book enough Further recommendations The New Jim Crow by Michelle Alexander Uncertain Justice by Laurence Tribe Thinking Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman The Nine By Jeffrey Toobin The Roberts Court by Marcia Coyle Braintrust by Patricia Churchland The Blank Slate and Better Angels of Our Nature by Steven Pinker The Believing Brain by Michael Shermer Subliminal by Leonard Mlodinow We Are Our Brains by DF Swaab and Are You Sure by Ginger Campbell Unfair The New Science of Criminal Injustice by Adam Benforado is a lawrofessor s look at the American justice system a system that turns out to be in his view of an injustice system Benforado compares today s system with examples from the middle ages and other The ABC of Communism periods of theast and examines the differences as well as the similarities between the two He asks how far have we really come The answer would appear to be under huge surface differences maybe not as far as we think Justice is unevenly applied risons are expensive and create roblems than they solve and none of this seems to be truly connected to the revalence of crime Benforado looks at the many ways the justice system fails despite the often well meaning efforts of everyone in it And it seems to be getting worse The vast majority of cases are resolved by lea bargains which the accused often accept even if innocent since the alternatives are gambles with high stakes the When The Light Went Out poor the mentally ill andeople belonging to minority groups are way over represented and as we all know the rich often walk from even serious crimes because of uneual resourcesBenforado suggests many ways to solve specific Hans Brinker, or the Silver Skates problems but his ultimate answer is a radical one treat criminals as human beings withroblems and give help not unishment He looks to Europe for examples of how this can be done and how it results in far lower recidivism rates He also looks at ways in which similar changes are being done on a small scale in the United States One interesting idea is the use of virtual trials to increase access to the system save money and increase objectivity of the lawyers and judges as well as for reasons detailed in the book witness accuracyI had my own difficulties following Benforado into such alien territory articularly when. A law เพชรพระอุมา (ตอน 04) อาถรรพณ์นิทรานคร professor sounds an explosive alarm on the hidden unfairness of our legal system Kirkus Reviews starred  A child is gunned down by aolice officer; an investigator ignores critical clues in a case; an innocent man confesses to a crime he did not commit; a jury acuits a killer The evidence is all around us Our system of justice is fundamentally broken   But it’s not for the reasons we tend to think as law rofessor Adam Benforado argues in this eye opening galvanizing book Even if the system operated exactly as it was designed to we would still end up with wrongful convictions trampled rights and uneual treatment This is because the roots of injustice lie not inside the dark hearts of racist olice officers or dishonest rosecutors but wi. He talked about how victims can be helped to forgive the 待つ [Matsu] perpetrator of theirain And I am not sure how these changes would be carried out in a system as large as our isOn the other hand Benforado resents a owerful indictment of our current system which seems to be an expensive failure that creates Brainwashing of the German Nation pain and suffering than an effective response to crime Every American should read the analysis of our current system with itsowerful examples of how the current system doesn t work how in fact it fails miserably And everyone should begin to grapple with ideas of how it can be changed whether or not they agree with Benforado s suggestions I was torn between giving this book 3 or 4 stars I would have like to give it 35 but in the absence of that choice and the Encounters with Rauschenberg: (A Lavishly Illustrated Lecture) powerful analysis of the justice system I went with 4 stars I read this book at one sitting which speaks to the accessibility of the writing and theower of the Vögeln ist schön: Die Sexrevolte von 1968 und was von ihr bleibt presentation of an important subjectI hope this book opens the door for discussion of our current systems and ways in which it can be changed for the betterIn the interests of transparency I would like to share that I won this book through LibraryThing s Early Reviewersrogram in exchange for an honest review The thoughts and opinions resented here are my own honest reactions 35 starsThis is a thought rovoking critiue of the American criminal justice system based on Social Media and Social Movements: The Transformation of Communication Patterns psychological research It is of an overview than a deep dive in 286ages of text excluding the bibliography the author discusses everything from snap judgments in investigations to false confessions and erroneous eyewitness identifications to the reasons some lawyers behave unethically to misleading expert testimony to judicial bias to the workability of Principles of Isotope Geology prisons These are all important issues and the author a lawrofessor has many interesting Ouroboros proposals to improve on theroblems Unfortunately he undermines his message by failing to source his facts leaving readers with no authority for his arguments any lawyer should know betterThere is a lot of interesting material here the studies showing how common interrogation techniues such as offering leniency for a confession induce students to falsely confess to cheating the correlation between stereotypically African features and longer sentences the tendency of the Hollendartida i Norge: 1550–1750 public to view thirdarties as biased against their side Republicans and Democrats both believe the Supreme Court leans to the other side by approximately eual margins the way the oint of view of a camera can affect viewers opinion of events when interrogations are taped viewers are likely to see them as coercive when the camera is above the suspect and as non coercive when it s above the officerThe author discusses a number of sychological shortcuts that can lead to ugly results in the justice system for instance narrow bracketing in which if your experience is that say two thirds of the claims of a articular type are valid and you just granted two you are inclined to deny the next one to keep the numbers balanced And there s a good discussion of how eople identify dishonesty you really can t tell through body language at best you can tell someone is nervous but in a high ressure situation like a courtroom this likely has to do with the erson s comfort in that setting and ability to Bauern In Mexiko: Zwischen Subsistenz Und Warenproduktion project confidence than their honestyThe book also discusses the reasons for criminal behavior which often have less to do with deliberate moral choice than one might imagine There s a fascinating story of a man who suddenly becomes obsessed with sex collectingorn molesting a young girl and ropositioning everyone until a tumor is discovered on his brain and removed then he s fine until the tumor returns at which oint he starts up all over again Brain damage may be a less isolated cause of criminality than again Brain damage may be a less isolated cause of criminality than might imagine apparently while less than 9% of the general Punainen metsä population has suffered a traumatic brain injury around 60% of incarceratedeople have Less dramatically Forever Im Yours physical environment also influences one s actions wearing a mask makeseople aggressive while holding a gun biases Basilio Boullosa Stars in the Fountain of Highlandtown people toerceive images as threateningRather than simply detailing Honey, I Wrecked the Kids: When Yelling, Screaming, Threats, Bribes, Timeouts, Sticker Charts and Removing Privileges All Don't Work problems Benforado does havelenty of suggestions for change Some of these are relatively small and seem like excellent ideas For instance officers should be trained in cognitive interviewing asking few open ended and non suggestive uestions of witnesses of crime to avoid tainting their memories while witnesses about to view a lineup should be told that the suspect may or may not be included to revent their simply choosing the one who looks most like the erpetrator In fact having lineups administered by a computer may be even better to A Spectre Is Haunting Texas prevent officers unconsciously influencing a witness s memory through their approval or body languageSome of the suggestions are much global and I give Benforado credit for thinking big and outside the box One intriguing idea is virtual trials record the trial in advance and give jurors just the informationresented through avatars This would eliminate biases based on Tilak Kathalu physical appearance anderformance and allow a trial to be shown to multiple juries at little additional costMeanwhile the author shows discomfort with many aspects of the adversarial system though his alternative roposal isn t uite clear He correctly oints out that the rocedural safeguards we build into the system in an attempt to revent error often become ends in themselves frustrating their original The Why Cafe purpose Take Miranda warnings for instance if an officer fails to give them aerpetrator s confession can be excluded and therefore a criminal may go free while on the other hand judges rarely entertain the idea that a confession might be coerced once an officer has recited those lines even if we re talking about a highly suggestible suspect who was uestioned for many hours falsely told that the olice had evidence against him and romised leniency in exchange for a confession And there s simply not time based on the many Satisfying Mommy’s Pregnant Needs (A Psuedo-Incest, Mother-Son, Sleep Sex, Pregnancy, BDSM, Erotic Romance) procedural safeguards built into our system of trials for than a tinyercentage of cases to be fully heard the vast majority lead guilty in a system the author sees as highly suspect But what could we do instead it s difficult to decipher Benforado s ideas on this oint aside from idealistic notions of truth seeking and vague references to Germany s having a different systemBut the book does have its drawbacks Rather than endnotes to which one can refer for specific facts and studies the author simply includes a bibliography for each chapter with no indication as to which of the dozens of works cited include which information This shows off the author s reading while offering no help to his readers This is Soul of Dust particularly unfortunate on the topics for which herovides only vague information for instance he tells us that solitary confinement particularly unfortunate on the topics for which he Shadow Game provides only vague information for instance he tells us that solitary confinement the brain in observable ways but not whatart of the brain is affected what this ERIS: The Patsy (Warped Comedy Adventure Book 1) part does and what changes are seen oncerisoners are freed Ultimately the book leaves readers with the choice between taking the author s word for his claims or doing their own research starting or less from scratch This is an incredibly We Give a Squid a Wedgie poor decision for someone who wants torofoundly change entrenched Verräter der Magie parts of officialdomLess damaging but also unfortunate is the fact that while Benforadoresents information in a clear and readable style his storytelling is less than stellar He begins each chapter with a few ages of introductory fluff which is a great opportunity to tell compelling human interest stories related to the topic at hand but often than not he suanders it For instance the chapter dealing with hysiognomy begins with rambling about how eople are fascinated by mugshots OkayFinally while the book s ortrayal of the justice system as almost medieval snap decisions are based incomplete information and the gut feelings of those making them without scientific basis and generally without oversight is fairly accurate in some ways the book does Night of the Wendigo present an overly gloomyicture I suspect some readers might be unduly horrified not realizing that most criminal cases aren t based on eyewitness identification by strangers or Mimi Malloy, At Last! policeushing for a confession from whatever black or Hispanic man happened to be near the crime scene Most Twin Spica, Volume: 10 peoplelead guilty because they are and the evidence against them is good This in no way excuses the miscarriages of justice that go on every day but I hope readers don t come away with the idea that courts and olice roduce utterly random resultsOverall I m glad I read this book much of the information it contains is fascinating and it s Grammatik Des Biblisch-Aramaischen: Mit Den Nach Handschriften Berichtigten Texten Und Einem Worterbuch presented in a clear and concise way These are issueseople should be thinking about However the lack of sourcing is a serious limitation I can only hope it will be corrected in future editions Unfair by Adam Benforado tackles a difficult subject the ironic injustice of our criminal justice system in the United States He argues that our legal system has a wide array of flaws with no easy solution to eradicate them Benforado suggests that A Neve Estava Suja psychological biases come intolay in every aspect of The Art of Gothic: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting prosecutionThe way Benforado sets up his argument not going to go into a lot of detail the book is short read it it reminded me a lot of the eualay issue in America and much of the world We can t find one simple fix as it is a multifaceted issue but talking about the Im Zeichen der Triskele: Ein Bretagne-Krimi problem could be one step Similarly discussing our everrevalent biases would be beneficial in creating a well just criminal justice rocessBenforado does a good job in delving into biases we might not even be aware of including erception bias and the often error saturated witness memory tests Although I didn t necessarily agree with all of his solutions I was still eager to read He crafted the book in such a way that it was fast De obotliga optimisternas klubb paced and easy to digest but still left you with much to think over As I slowlyrepare for the LSAT in a few months and for law school in about a year Unfair has given me a lot to think about in regards to my future career I can sum up my thoughts in three easy words Read this book No don t even hesitate long enough to read this review Just buy the bookFor those of you still with me I ll do my best to offer some specifics While the author gives us lots of facts to onder the content never feels dry or overly academic Benforado writes in a conversational style engaging his readers as if he s sitting with friends I read a lot on this topic and this book is one of the best out there We look at sychological Unfair The. Thin the minds of each and every one of us   This is difficult to accept Our nation is founded on the idea that the law is impartial that legal cases are won or lost on the basis of evidence careful reasoning and nuanced argument But they may in fact turn on the camera angle of a defendant’s taped confession the number of Fatal Dive: Solving the World War II Mystery of the USS Grunion photos in a mug shot book or a simple word choice during a cross examination In Unfair Benforado shines a light on this troubling new field of research showing for example thateople with certain facial features receive longer sentences and that judges are far likely to grant Code Name: Silence parole first thing in the morning   Over the last two decadessychologists and neuroscientists have uncovered many cognitive forces that operate beyond ou.
New Science of Criminal Injustice is an enlightening and well structured book about the ways in which the current US criminal justice system fails us Adam Benforado an associate Und Schuf Mir Einen Götzen: Lehrjahre Eines Kommunisten professor law and a former attorney focuses on how our hidden biases affect the justice system He explains theroblems in each art of the legal rocess and offers Margery Meets the Roses possible solutions In fact we are not such cool and deliberate detectives rather we are masters at jumping to conclusions based on an extremely limited amount of evidence The automaticrocesses in our brain commonly referred to as System 1 uickly take in the scene and then reach a conclusion about the victim based on what is right in front of us without considering what we might be missing Ambiguity and doubt are ushed to the sideIn certain circumstances our deliberative and effortful mental rocesses System 2 can override those initial impressions and raise the specter of uncertainty but often they do not The less we know the easier it is for us to The Wapshot Scandal produce a coherent story and it is the consistency of the narrative thatredicts how much confidence we will have in our assessment The unfortunate result is that we may become overconfident The NIGHT. Erotischer Roman precisely when we have limited or weak evidence The book opens with an example of medieval justice Benforado suggests that just as we laugh at the irrationality of our ancestor s legal methods our descendants will be shocked at the naivet behind our modern day legalrocesses The author walks the reader through each art of of the legal rocess explains the current Dark Alchemy (Dark Alchemy, problems and suggests solutions Some of the solutions are surprisingly simple to implement eg data collection on judicial decisions to show hidden biases The book is extremely well organized Here is the table of contentsPart 1 Investigation1 The Labels We Live By The Victim2 Dangerous Confessions The Detective3 The Criminal Mind The SuspectPart II Adjudication4 Breaking the Rules The Lawyer5 The Eye of the Beholder The Jury6 The Corruption of Memory The Eyewitness7 How to Tell a Lie The Eyewitness8 Umpires or Activists The JudgePart III Punishment9 An Eye for an Eye The Public10 Throwing Away the Key The PrisonersPart IV Reform11 What We Must Overcome The Challenge12 What We Can Do The FutureBibliography Endnotes are available at the author s websiteThe cases and experiments mentioned were fascinating Some aspects this book reminded me of Predictably Irrational and Freakonomics series but Unfair is deeper focused and academic Some of the interesting topics discussed how disgust makeseople s moral judgments significantly severe how women labeled as virgins or married are viewed as responsible for sexual assault than when labeled as a divorc e how we are all still closet hysiognomists how the act of holding a gun biases the gun holder s assessment of threat how camera osition during arrests and interrogations can sway the verdict the impact of race on the severity of Die fremde Stadt: Breslau nach 1945 punishment the impact of facial features on the severity ofunishment in cases where the victim is white the stereotypically black a defendant s facial features the likely he is to receive the death enalty how a terrorist attack can impact unrelated cases how the time of day can affect unishment how a video of brutality shown in slow motion can alter juror The Dreamer Wakes (The Story of the Stone perception of an event and how judges aren t uite as objective as they would like to believe Research suggests that once we have summed someone up we search for data confining that identity and disregard or minimize evidence conflicting with it Of course it doesn t feel that way It feels as though we are just dispassionately sorting through the details But really our minds are bending the facts sawing off inconvenient corners and tossing away contradictory information so that everything can be fit into our ready made boxes Some of my key takeaways from this book 1 We all have hidden biases that we are not consciously aware ofolice officers judges and lawyers are not immune to these hidden biases Most Rivers Last Longer people aren t actively trying to be unfair2 It is surprisingly easy to rationalize unethical behavior3 We tend to see our motivations asurer than they actually are seeking justice vs seeking vengeance 4 Some aspects of unishment are counterintuitive to the results expected eg excessively long solitary confinementsThis is not a uick and easy read but it is really interesting and enlightening I would recommend this to book to everyone especially voters in the United States and eople who are interested in the intricacies of the human mind and its inherent biases There is a bit of a liberal bent in The Eat-Clean Diet Cookbook: Great-Tasting Recipes that Keep You Lean! parts of the book which might deter some from reading it but I don t think you have to be comfortable with 100% of Benforado sroposed solutions in order to find value in this book In addition to this book I would also recommend Nonsense The Power of Not Knowing because of overlapping themes blind certainty and cognitive dissonance Doubt isn t the enemy of blind justice blind certainty is I received this book from the LibraryThing Early Reviewers Witchcraft for Tomorrow program in exchange for an honest review The criminal justice systems of the United States work very badly Adam Benforado a lawrofessor at Drexel University demonstrates their deficiencies under the broad headings of investigation adjudication unishment and reform He is very fair in ointing out the The Wedding Redux progress that has been made both here and in other countries and creative in suggesting and supportingossible solutions This is the first book that I have ever read that looks to science data and intelligence both human and machine for better ways It felt like stepping out of the dark ages looking back down into a stinking cesspit of crime *punishment corruption deprivation Rolling Thunder poverty mental illness stupidity and raceI have therejudice that academics are verbose even *corruption deprivation Ye Castle Stinketh: Could You Survive Living in a Castle? poverty mental illness stupidity and raceI have therejudice that academics are verbose even writing for general audiences and I wished that Mr Benforado would just get on with it The depth and fairness of his narrative kept me on board howeverThis may seem trivial but when I read wordy books I look to chapters as milestones This book and a minority of others follows the unfortunate ractice of having the runners at the top of the ages show the author s name on the verso left hand Bootie and the Beast pages in addition to theage number The ractice of showing the chapter titles is so much better because we can use them to flip through and
uickly find the 
find the chapter It s not too often I use the word brilliant in writing a book review but in the case of Unfair I have to say that it is nothing short of that description brilliant There are any numbers of Books Available On The available on the of false confessions wrongful convictions and the flaws in both olice ractices and the court system I have read several and in my opinion Unfair is the cream of the crop If you read only one book on the subject this should be the book you choose In the introduction Professor Benforado takes the reader back to the year 1114 to the trial of Clement and Evrard two easants accused of heresy When they got to trial their accusers failed to make an appearance so acting judge Abbot Guibert faced the dilemma that still occurs in all systems of justice a strong suspicion of guilt without solid evidence In the 12th century this was easily solved with a vat of water the sink or swim decision making The Art of Mary Beth Edelson process Murders adulterers and heretics would float innocents would be enveloped Obvious to readers living in the 21st century there is no justice in this system but is our current system of justice any foolproof One of the mostowerful statements Professor Benforado makes in his introduction is even if our system operated exactly as it was designed to we would still end up with wrongful convictions biased roceedings trampled rights and uneual treatment He backs this statement up with sychology and neuroscience to expose the hidden dynamics undermining our criminal justice system He discusses Motivational Perspectives on Chronic Pain policerocedure the flaw in administering the Miranda warning the Reid techniue of interrogation how ersonal experience cannot help but rejudice judges and juries the errors allowed in the jury selection None Like Him: 10 Ways God Is Different from Us (and Why That's a Good Thing) process and even the use of experts for hire in the courtroomYes he also cites cases as examples including the West Memphis Three The Central Park Jogger Rodney King and recently the Trayvon Martin case but he does not dwell on individual errors made but rather discusses the reforms that could be made to the criminal justice system torevent errors and misjudgment in the futureWhile this book is very well researched and fact filled using his Puta personal experiments and research as well as explaining the research of others it is an extremely readable book Not text book like in the least with some interesting comparisons of our judicial system to that of the role of umpires and referees inrofessional sports He also included an unexpected section about the unusual 伝説の勇者の伝説 5 出来心の後始末 practice in agesast of Killer Games putting animals on trial using it to explain how we are influenced in regard tolacing blame for the commission of a crime As humans we have a need to unish evil deeds As Professor Benforado oints out this need is so strong that Occasionally we even the feel the urge to unish inanimate objects Be honest Have you ever wanted to get back at your computer for losing a file or freezing up at a key moment Have you kicked the chair that stubbed your toe Another segment I found eye opening was his discussion on body language Surprisingly everything I have ever heard or learned about reading body language to determine a lie versus the truth is wrong and in the shifty eyeagitated movement department uite the opposite holds true And if for some reason you need information on how to beat a lie detector test that s in this book as well Even with the use of real time film becoming and commonplace no system of determining fact from falsehood is foolproofAside from all the oints I ve mentioned above as well as so much included in this book what makes this book so different from all the others out there on the same subject Professor Benforado actually offers some concrete solutions to some of the Cocksure problems afflicting our current system of justice Some yes are common sense but his theory on virtual trials involving avatars to eliminaterejudice based on race names and the attractiveness or not of both witnesses and lawyers as well as the accused is uite radical Professor Benforado has written an important book and I have no hesitation at all in giving it 5 stars I received this ebook at no charge from Crown Publishingvia Netgalley in exchange for an honest revie. R conscious awareness Until we address these hidden biases head on Benforado argues the social ineuality we see now will only widen as Beyond the Cliffs of Kerry (Bold Women of the 18th Century, powerfullayers and institutions find ways to exploit the weaknesses of our legal system    Weaving together historical examples scientific studies and compelling court cases from the border collie Porto Bello Gold put on trial in Kentucky to the five teenagers who falsely confessed in the Central Park Jogger case Benforado shows how our judicialrocesses fail to uphold our values and rotect society’s weakest members With clarity and assion he lays out the scope of the legal system’s dysfunction and roposes a wealth of ractical reforms that could revent injustice and help us achieve true fairness and euality before the law. .