Leggi (A Thousand Mile Walk to the Gulf) Autore John Muir

Ating them This is slander transcribed into libel It is simply not true that we feel an instinctive repulsion to reptiles I personally have never felt any such thing Further alligators are NOT aggressive and except for the very oldest are not large enough to consider any but infant humans prospective prey The one documented case so far is of a man who attacked an alligator NOT vice versa in an attempt to save a dog which the alligator was indubitably trying to drown as prey If the human was injured trying to deprive the alligator of its prey this is NOT an indication that the alligator was prone to attacking humans Most creatures will fight to keep from being robbed of their prey2 On a related topic Muir argues that there is tropical vegetation in the Continental US There may be in Southern Florida and along the Gulf Coast Essentially the indicator probably best suited to indicate where tropical flora and fauna begin is to check a map showing where alligators leave off and crocodiles begin This would be extreme southern Florida the very southernmost tip of the peninsula and the Florida Keys Everywhere else the climate and the lifeforms are SUBtropicalI tend to take the assertion that glades and forest patches are impassible with a grain of salt I ve lived in and passed through forests uite often and I ve seldom found areas with as much underbrush as is mentioned And even where there is much in the way of brambles the only way people get torn as much as Muir described is if they try to rush through the briars Taking the time to carefully untangle and move the thorny branches aside is laborious but in the end it probably takes LESS time than trying to hack and push one s way through Later in the book there are some sketches Other editions may have sketches This would be preferable One would like to think that the original journal was full of sketchesLikewise some maps would have come in handy Muir describes areas which are not familiar to many modern readers mostly the roads either don t go to those places or they re walled about with berms hills and forests nowadays Though the title causes expectations of descriptions of lands from Kentucky to Northern Florida these are there but it s not really clear what the route was Even a sketch map with a dotted line would be useful There seems to have been a crossing of the Florida peninsula north of Lake Okeechobee I gather and also well north of where Everglades National Park is now There is also appended because I gather the original journals were uite short a description of the author s botanical excursions around Havana Cuba and of a trip to California apparently the first of several by the authorThe botanical studies of Havana are almost certainly long outdated I don t know how much urban Havana spread out after the 1860s and how much reversion to urban gardens and forestry there has been since the 1950s The descriptions given by Muir suggest that part of the coast was sandy desert with extensive cacti at the time but that the city was largely built on a Moorish model with houses surrounded by walled or fenced gardens and with large courtyards within residences with gardens This may have been only in the richer neighborhoods away from the coast The implication in the book is that the harbor neighborhoods were uite heavily paved over but that there were few farms in the immediate neighborhood of the city This probably changed over time but it would reuire uite a bit of further reading to discover how and whether it was reversed Part of Muir s problem was that he was pretty seriously ill with malaria and probably typhoid at the time and so he wasn t able to go far afieldThe California sections began to make me even uneasy Other reviewers have commented on Muir s casual racism but this racism is largely directed toward what Muir calls negroes and for the time is uite mild More worrisome is the almost complete erasure of indigenous peoples from the record The book was written about thirty ears after the Trail of Tears noteworthy among indigenous removal force marches by the fact of Tears noteworthy among indigenous removal force marches by the fact it was thoroughly documented by the VICTIMS in journals letters newspapers etc In Florida Muir would have traveled through the area after the end of the Seminole Wars the last of which ended before the American Civil War In California This Book Takes Place In California this book takes place few Vol au-dessus d'un nid de coucou years before the massacre of the Yahi from which theouth Ishi who died in 1916 was probably one of the longest surviving escapees among those who weren t deported to reservations Yet the implication is that the Round Hills area which is described in the book was completely uninhabited by humans though it must once have been a major part of the lands inhabited by native Californians It s as if Muir had simply blocked the existence of Native Americans entirely from his mindI didn t like the description of an area of Southern Alta California very much anyway It tends to confirm my opinion that the area is not fit for human habitation I do understand that the indigenous peoples had a lifestyle that didn t reuire uite so much in the way of resources but still the area described is very close to high desert Though it s observed in a period of unusually high rainfall and snowmelt it was early spring it seems barren and awful to me I m unusual in how much I hate was early spring it seems barren and awful to me I m unusual in how much I hate I recognize that And I also hate treeless mountains I don t find them anything like intoxicating or beautiful they just exude death to me I find them depressing in that way I find them impressive But it s not a kind of impression I d care to cultivateI don t know if this book is typical of Muir s work I gather that other works which Muir published himself were polished and carefully edited I don t know whether they would have been significantly improved in the areas which modern readers find disturbing however All in all while I agree with Muir about many matters especially about the hubris of humans and particularly that of what is now described as Western philosophies I find this book irritating than enlightening Perhaps if I had background in botany lacking pictures for example I often can t say whether I ve seen the plants Muir describes I might feel differently Meantime I ll be looking around for an edition with illustrations If I don t find one it s doubtful that I ll read this particular book again John Muir walks from Kentucky to Florida then goes by boat to Cuba and California via New YorkCrazy that he walked across the South in the immediate aftermath of the Civil War This guy has a lot of nice things to say about plants and the weather He doesn t seem to care much for peopl. Imita infatti a parlarci di flora e fauna di affascinanti foreste di pianure e paludi rigogliose egli descrive con grande intelligenza e sensibilità anche il contesto socio economico in cui viaggiaL’a di Muir per la natura però prevale su ualsiasi altro aspetto al punto da farsi uasi religione il suo linguaggio diventa biblico uando esprime i suoi sentimenti e nessun profeta avrebbe potuto prendere più seriamente la chiamata o intraprendere una tale missione con tanto fervente sentimento.

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Summary A Thousand Mile Walk to the Gulf

Ars only because I think Muir s writing improved in his accounts of the Western mountains his coming across bear with his dog and shotgun avoiding shooting He d know when there was a bear ahead since his dog would linger near not proceed ahead of him Great account of canyons and knowing someone is ten miles away Maybe Emerson Shortly after the Civil War naturalist John Muir undertook a 1000 mile walk to the Gulf of Mexico Muir s writing focuses on his observations of nature and his wanderings This book is a delightful summer read Even though Muir wrote over 150 ears ago his simple mostly descriptive prose still reads well and contains few obsolete words or phrases You can actually envision what he sees and feels though his words While most of this book is simple description of travel and nature Muir briefly sojourns into philosophy when he writes in a later chapter The world we are told was made especially for man a presumption not supported by all the facts A numerous class of men are painfully astonished whenever they find anything which they cannot eat or render in some way useful to themselves it never seems to occur to these far seeomg teachers that nature s object might possibly benot the creation of all for the happiness of one Why should a man value himself as than a small part of one great unit of creation The universe would be incomplete without man but it would also be incomplete without the smallest transmicroscopic creature that dwells beyond our conceitful eyes Wise words indeed perhaps in considering the current COVID 19 pandemic afflicting humans This edition of the work by Mariner Books is of the highest uality for a paperback It preserves the typeface wide margins and wide line spacing that made older books so much readable than most of today s paperbacks and the paper is of heavy uality This is a great book to take on a trip or a nature walk Now given its age there are some shortcomings Muir is a product of his times and in this time of intense political correctness some readers might be amazed shocked and offended by his occassional comments on african americans but they need to be taken in the context of 1867 not 2020 And the last 2 chapters relating to his trip to California were added on from other Muir writings and really don t fit in well with the rest of the book But overall A Thousand Mile Walk to the Gulf is a uniue masterpiece of nature writing well worth a read I m about halfway through this and I m finding problems with it that have little to do with the botanizing which is the official purpose of the book If the purpose of the book is to supply botanical information much of which I could have provided myself with very little difficulty having lived in or less the same sort of environment further west drawings would be almost obligatory Giving the Latin names for plants does NOT identify them to people who ve seen them but who have known only the popular names Also black white photos are virtually useless to convey the rich tints of the environments It could be argued that black white photos were all that were available at the time This argument is invalid Not only were there accurately colored drawings but many people took monochrome photos and added color This applies not only to sepia tinting The photos were PAINTED the proper colors an art which is not sufficiently remembered and celebrated Whether Muir himself had the skills to do this sort of thing is not clear He evidently didn t bring a camera along on this trip and his notebooks as published do not include drawings The text implies that Muir took samples leaves cuttings etc but sketches don t seem to have been part of the plan The few photos do not very well convey what things actually looked like at the time and recent photos don t do the area justice really either The casual racism which is so jarring to current readers is in fact uite liberal for the times This was shortly after the American Civil War The local people he lodges with are suspicious of outsiders regarding them as what would later have been called carpetbaggers They uite reasonably suspect that many of the people who come to provide services to the freedmen are out for personal enrichment at the expense of both landholders and the very freedmen they were supposedly there both landholders and the very freedmen they were supposedly there aid Many were of course Others who honestly came to provide assistance were corrupted This happens with all reform movements If there had been proper oversight and management of the reformers it might have become a less corrupting process The problem was that there was no Marshall to oversee the reforms and Reconstruction itself and that there was uite a bit of local and outside resistance to land and social reforms Muir however was not a party to the process at all He was just there to botanize If he had come up with a detailed plan beforehand he would probably have included a plan to interview the herb doctors he was often mistaken for They had a lot of lore and records verbal and written and could have helped him with things like sketches distinguishing species etcIt s evident that Muir had no idea how malaria was transmitted He speaks of a vapor theory of transmission reflected in the name of the disease which is Italian for bad air The Pontine Marshes probably DID smell bad but the main impact they had on the spread of malaria was that they formed breeding grounds for mosuitoes which spread the disease If this had been recognized then protective measures which included preservation of mosuito predators might have been implemented rather than what too often did happen which was elimination of the essential wetlands And Muir himself might have brought along mosuito netting for those nights when he had to sleep outsideThe part I ve found most irritating so far is not the racism Muir doesn t have much use for Southern whites than for the slaves it s a classist contempt he practices His mockery of the diet of poor in general seems based on the idea that they had alternatives what alternatives He doesn t say but chose to eat cornbread and bacon instead The irritating part is rather the attempt to reconcile people to death I won t have any part of it It s all spinach Death IS a bad thing and I consider attempts to reconcile people to it invidiousOtherwise the story so far is a fairly interesting one I don t think much of maligning reptiles or of describing ANY plants as weeds but this sort of thing is actually rarer in Muir than in other works from the periodA few notes as I read on 1 Muir accepts uncritically the argument that alligators attack humans unprovoked with the intention of Diario di viaggio troviamo annotazioni che rivelano la sua inclinazione ad una vita solitaria e all’aria aperta immerso nella natura selvaggia e immacolata a cui l’uomo non ha ancora imposto la sua presenzauesta verso il Golfo del Messico non è certamente la prima spedizione esplorativa che John Muir intraprende la prima in assoluto fu uella narrata in My First Summer in the Sierra La mia prima estate sulla Sierra ma di sicuro resta la più impegnativa e la più avventurosa Muir non si ,
John Muir walks to the Gulf of Mexico from Indianapolis via Indiana Kentucky Tennessee North Carolina Georgia and Florida Once there he heads for Cuba His interactions with people in a Post Civil War period were interesting homes food slavery plantations robbers racism etc His journal not only provides observations of the flora he encounters but his views on environmentalism A short and enjoyable read about his wanderings I appreciated reading this because it s just John Muir rambling in the countryside with an immense appreciation for and knowledge of the flora There are some breathtaking passages There are also several racist remarks that are off puttinghe did this journey shortly after the civil war and the general opinion of African Americans at the time was less than stellar I didn t expect that I wanted to like it but I became bogged down in descriptions of flowers and trees Then when something really exciting happened like getting swept away crossing a river or encountering alligators he just mentions it in passing It s also hard to get past the casual racism of the times written in 1867 when he makes remarks like The negroes are easy going and merry making a great deal of noise and doing little work John Muir would have made the worst Boy Scout imaginable Early in September 1867 joyful and free but woefully unprepared he set out from Indianapolis Indiana on a 1000 mile walk that would take him down the rocky spine of the eastern seaboard across Kentucky Tennessee North Carolina Georgia to the Gulf coast of Florida In his rucksack he carried little than a map compass comb brush towel soap and one change of underclothes For entertainment and enlightenment he took Burn s poems Milton s Paradise Lost and a small New Testament He carried precious little cash no matches and not even a canteen Night after night he slept in the dirt beside the road and awoke the following morning drenched through by the dew He bathed in blackwater streams begged for some of his food and when hospitality and funds failed he camped in cemeteries Some days he walked than forty miles without dinner or supper unable to find a family that would agree to take him in But none of these discomforts discouraged him in the least from pursuing his course south on his long glorious botanical walk to the seaHigh in the Cumberland mountains of Tennessee where primitive homesteads were far apart and uninhabited orchards and fences in ruins sad marks of war he slipped between small bands of guerillas infesting the mountains presenting himself to thieves as nothing than a poor herb doctor When civilised men inuired Young man what are ou doing here Muir replied that he was looking at plants I love all kinds of plants and I came down here to these Southern states to get acuainted with as many of them as possible What did he meet Spanish moss live oaks magnolias pineapples and palmettos all novel and wonderful to the twenty nine ear old Muir who had never spent much time outside a northern clime He writes about these plants and dozens of other species in exultant tones that contrast poignantly with his descriptions of the dirt and poverty that mark the human residents who live along the paths he followed For Muir civilisation seemed necessary only to provide him with the food he needed to continue his long walk among the pine forests swamps and sand hills Nature was clean abundant and harmonious the exact opposite of many of the human settlements he encountered if only he could overcome his need of daily bread he vowed he would turn his back on civilisation foreverBut Muir "wasn t entirely a misanthrope In fact his book is a charming read "t entirely a misanthrope In fact his book is a charming read entertains as much with its unstudied descriptions of Reconstruction Era Southerners as with its detailed observations the region s flora Unlike most of the other books published under his name A Thousand Mile Walk to the Gulf was never finally edited by books published under his name A Thousand Mile Walk to the Gulf was never finally edited by for publication What we read is William Frederic Bad s edition of the journal Muir kept as he walked to the sea The final chapters dealing with California are drawn from other sources and show Muir s penchant for prose in its full bloom and glory But most of A Thousand Mile Walk is far temperate and for that reason has proved to be one of my favourites They tell us that plants are perishable soulless creatures that only man is immortal etc but this I think is something that we know very nearly nothing aboutMr Muir was a oung man when he decided to walk a thousand miles to the Gulf of Mexico Don t do it people told him You ll catch malaria But he did it and he caught malaria and it took him several months to recover He never did walk from Florida to the as he had plannedA very interesting journal Muir describes plants minutely Wildlife usually gets terser notes such as Rattlesnakes abundant He is not at all fond of people but he tells of some interesting encounters such as the wealthy planter who is convinced that someday electricity will do all the world s work instead of just being used for telegraphy Muir also describes an attempted robbery in which the would A self righteous pile of crap Good interesting account of not finishing his botany chemistry and geology studies at U Wisconsin which his cheap Scottish father would not pay for Leaving out his Canadian escape of the draft in 1863 Muir walked south in 1866 or 67 He slept outside under trees often in cemeteries which combined great trees and comfortable grounds In western Virginia I think or North Carolina he ran into some Rebel troops who had not disbanded but they took him for an herbalist he did carry lots of leaves and flowers some medicinal and let him by Near Savannah he camped a week in Bonaventura cemetery amazed at the live oaks and the moss I was fresh from the Western prairies the garden like openings of Wisconsin the beech and maple and oak woods of Indiana and Kentucky the dark mysterious Savannah cypress forests but never since I was allowed to walk the woods have I found so impressive a company of trees as the tillandsia draped oaks of Bonaventura I could say the same of a variety of huge trees at Mt Auburn CemeteryMuir liked reading Emerson whom I always aloudread in my Birdtalk talks particularly his poem Titmouse about a Chickadee s bravery in a winter storm saying like Caesar Ve ni vi di vi chi Years later in the Sierra Nevada Emerson visited him with a host of protectors Muir wanted Emerson to join him sleeping outside all night what Muir did his whole life but Emerson s handlers figured the old man wasn t up to it A disappointment for Muir and possibly for Emerson I give this fours st. “John Muir pianeta Terra universo” Così l’autore scrive sulla copertina interna del suo taccuino prima di mettersi in cammino poche parole che però rivelano immediatamente il temperamento e la vastità del suo pensieroStudioso appassionato di botanica a soli 29 anni Muir decide di mettersi in cammino diretto a Sud con l’unico scopo di studiare e documentare le bellezze e le meraviglie della natura un viaggio che lo condurrà fino a Cuba e terminerà poi in CaliforniaLeggendo il suo. ,
A Thousand Mile Walk to the Gulf