(PDF) Unzeitgemässe Betrachtungen

I ll start with why I liked this and why I was happy to be reading the big N again then move on to why I didn t like it and why this dition is lackingor if you re not up for reading the stuff below he s a summary I kind of liked it and I m never picking up a available in nglish for the first time translation ver again ANECDOTE ALERT I went to the museum of contemporary art the other day and found an interesting little piece A female character from a classic oil paitining was taken out of context and placed on a mirror instead of a canvas In case the purpose of this might be lost a helpful placard Entranced (The Donovan Legacy, explained that the addition of the mirror creates a situation wherein the viewer s role as participant becomes part of the piece Light is thrown back on the viewer REFLECTION ON ANECDOTE ALERT This is something I was reminded of while reading the fourthssay when N says the task of modern art too suddenly becomes clear stupefa Written in Nietzsche s arly formative years from 1873 76 right after he penned his Birth of Tragedy Nietzsche s Untimely Meditations are truly out of season The four ssays are all fairly short but compiled together make a substantive book neverthelessThe best two ssays are the last two viz Nietzsche on history and Schopenhauer In On the Use and Abuse of History Nietzsche xplores ideas such as History being good only insofar as it contributes towards life That objectivity was merely a late nineteenth century German historian staring down a well only to see the reflection of himself at the bottom He ridicules liberal arts ducation German culture lack thereof Hegelianism the spirit of the age Statism teleology Darwinian volution Utilitarianism and Nietzsche saw the need to return back to the individual back to art as a means of beauty illusion and passion and back to forgetfulness as a means to understanding history as well as xercising power as a means to life and not merely submitting passively to the power of history or the then popular pervasive notion that history was teleologically driving itself forward to ultimate conscienceness and final consummation which Nietzsche laughs at as if God was first created by history 122These ssays are instrumental in tracing Nietzsche s thought development whilst at his University post at Basel as a Dr of philology Ironically Nietzsche nds his last ssay chiding University Professors in contradistinction to philosophy professors not bowed down to the State who remain as free spirits and individuals like the Ancient Greek philosophers or like Schopenhauer who Nietzsche praises albeit he would later break with Schopenhauerean metaphysics As soon as philosophy can sever itself from the universities and be purified from Buried every impure motive it will able to become such a tribunal 171 Ironically and poignantly Nietzsche lived off his meager University pension until he went mad and forfeited his autonomy to the behest of his sister in 1889If nothinglse veryone should read the ssay on history which is brilliantly sarcastic witty and profound Wow Incredible Makes me glad my trade for a time was gardening and that perhaps I should return in arnest what he has to say about the deficiencies of an ntertainment culture ruled by public opinion is certainly not without contemporary relevance Introduction Daniel Breazeale One of the central theses of the Meditations is that very genuine and original thinker reuires a degree of radical personal independence that is simply incompatible with any sort of institutional affiliation or sponsorship It is the very independence of the true philosopher s mode of living that confirms his or her right to be taken seriously as a philosophical ducator Introduction Daniel Breazeale There is indeed rejoicing that now science is becoming to dominate life that condition may possibly be attained but life thus dominated is not of much value because it is far less living and guarantees far less life for the future than did a former life dominated not by knowledge but by instinct and powerful illusions But

The Present Age Is As 
present age is as supposed to be an age not of whole mature and harmonious personalities but of labour and of the greatest possible common utility That means however that men have to be adjusted to the purposes of the age so as to be ready for mployment as soon as possible they must labour in the Factories Of The General Good Before They Are Mature Indeed of the general good before they are mature indeed that they shall not become mature for this would be a luxury which would deprive the labour market of a great deal of its workforce Some birds are blinded so that they may sing beautifully I do not think the men of today sing beautifully than their grandfathers but I know they have been blinded On the Uses and Disadvantages of History for Life 7David Strauss the Confessor and the Writer In any vent there xists a steadfast belief and an in fact notorious cultural deficiency seems to be apparent only to the select few For all those whose views coincide with public opinion have covered their yes and stoppered their ars the incongruity must not be admitted to xist 2But systematic and oppressive philistinism does not constitute a culture A Certain Justice (Adam Dalgliesh, even an inferior culture merely because it possesses a system it must always be the antithesis of a culture namely a permanentlystablished barbarity 2An unhappy contortion must have taken place in the brain of the cultural philistine he regards as culture precisely that which negates culture and since he is accustomed to proceed with consistency he finally acuires a coherent collection of such negations a system of un culture to which one might The Shadow Reader even conceded a certain unity of style if it made any sense to speak of a barbarism with style 2Public opinion in aesthetic matters is so insipid uncertain andasily misled that it beholds such an Cinderella Unmasked (Fairytale Fantasies exhibition of the sorriest philistinism without protest 5But it is true that people of a certain age find it impossible to understand Kant 6 a reason that has overstepped the bounds of the permitted 7For it is precisely in such books that we find that repellent need forntertainment and that casual only half listening accommodation with philosophy and culture and with the serious things of life in general 8 accustomed to the slime of this newspaper language they have in the strictest sense of the word lost all taste and the most their tongue can still savour with any kind of pleasure is the totally corrupt and capricious 11On most their tongue can still savour with any kind of pleasure is the totally corrupt and capricious 11On Uses and Disadvantages of History for Life like an illuminated diary of his youth and in all this he finds himself again himself his force this industry his joy his judgement his folly and vices 3 a restless cosmopolitan hunting after new and ver newer things 3What happens all too often is that we know the good but do not do it 3We moderns have nothing whatever of our own only by replenishing and cramming ourselves with the ages customs arts philosophies religions discoveries of others do we become anything worthy of notice that is to say walking ncyclopaedias which is what an Ancient Greek transported into our own time would perhaps take us for With The Power Of A Choice encyclopaedias however all the value lies in what is contained within in the content not in what stands without the binding and cover so it is that the whole of modern culture isssentially inward on the outside the bookbinder has printed some such thing as Handbook of inward culture for outwar. The four arly ssays in Untimely Meditations are key documents for understanding the development of Nietzsche's thought and clearly anticipate many of his later writings They deal with such broad top.
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Humanity In former times there was nothing one was warned against than against taking the day the moment too seriously one was urged nil admiriari and to be concerned with matters of ternity now only one kind of seriousness still remains in the modern soul that directed towards the news brought by the newspapers or the telegraph 6He who desired to liberate art to restore its desecrated sanctity would first have to have liberated himself from the modern soul 6 friend of art and literature and aesthetically refined 8 He who thus asks and asks in vain will have to look towards the future This book consists of 4 longish ssays from arly in Nietzsche s career The misunderstood German has stated that Schopenhauer as Educator is a great synopsis of his overall view of the Nietzsche is not as great as he thinks he is Also Schopenhauer isn t as great as Nietzsche thinks he is Wagner isn t as great as Nietzsche thinks he is although his music is pretty great he s a jerk Nietzsche is terribly uoteable however The thing is you can t really run around spouting A very difficult book to read in English The best translation I have found is the one by Ludovici and Collins The worst is by RJ Hollingdale Untimely Meditations published by Cambridge University Press The good translation by Ludovici and Collins however is published by Digireadscom and has the worst introduction by anti semitic and white nationalist Oscar Levy written in 1909 His review was probably the most racist and white nationalist academic writing I have ver read The introduction of the Cambridge University Press by Daniel Breazeale is very deep and Oh My God, What a Complete Aisling enlighteningThe Digireads book has thessays non chronologically It has the first and last meditation as Part 1 and has the second and third meditation as Part 2 It works better because I could just ignore the part 1 which contains the 2 most boring works of Nietzsche David Strauss the Confessor and the Writer and Richard Wagner in Bayreuth You need to have a full scholarship to read both of those ssays and not fall sleep Although Nietzsche admits that the real subject of the ssays Richard Wagner in Bayreuth and Schopenhauer as Educator is himself we don t see the usual fire that is inside his writings in part 1 of meditations I think its mostly due to Nietzsche s narrow focus on the German condition rather than a border analyzation that we see in part 2 of the meditations That might be the reason he abandons the projects after finishing the Richard Wagner in Bayreuth The young Nietzsche was into Schopenhauer Goethe and Machiavelli The mature Nietzsche was into Stendhal Dostoyevsky and again Machiavelli He might have been inspired by La Rochefoucauld for his aphorisms in the latter part of his life but I don t think the influence was as high as other figuresIt is also understandable that writing of thesis meditations is simultaneous with Nietzsche s shift of interest from philology to philosophy Nietzsche seems to be focusing on concepts of culture and volution of culture through ducation specially in Schopenhauer as Educator I am not sure if by culture he means national culture I wouldn t xpect him to know any better specially that 140 years ago culture was widely understood to belong to nations The state was the precursor to culture In that view without state there would be no culture a colonial idea that dominated the 19th century Europe and dehumanized southern peoples with a darker complexion Montserrat Guibernau has a great ssay on this topic in analyzing Anthony D Smith s national identity and culture She focused on the idea that the European conception of nation and culture often mixed with the notion of state In this view the xistence of nations without state becomes underminedThe right wing interpreters of Nietzsche admire this book because it contains MOST OF NIETZSCHE S PHILOSOPHY MINUS of Nietzsche s philosophy minus most important part harsh and direct attack on Christianity Currently but for not much longer I live in Finland The brute skin head racism here functions similar to the rest of the white majority countries The idea that a traditionally white nation cannot become mixed with darker peoples Recently Jussi Halla aho the leader of the second largest political party in Finland True Finns announced that the only real Finnish people are white and Christian Simultaneous with this type of violence some white academics who see themselves in opposition with the far right mentality think racism is an import of globalization and a side ffect of the current Patrick the Wolf Boy, Volume 1 economic system They omit the notion of racialcultural homogeneity and monochrome Christian practices and its historyOn Nietzsche s criticism of Christianity Reza Aslan comes to mind an academic who wrote the book Zealot The Life and Times of Jesus of Nazareth on the life of Jesus Since 2013 he Of the dozen or so Nietzsche works I have read this would certainly make my top 5 This is a collection of 4ssays one criticizing David Friedrich Strauss hot air and #Empty Words One In #words one in of the famous romantic composer who he would later turn against Richard Wagner one on the philosophy of history which I believe is the one work of Nietzsche that undergrads will often read this ssay also apparently changed the life and approach of Foucault and one xtolling the philosophy and life of Arthur SchopenhauerI would give the first third and fourth Glitter Bomb (A Scrapbooking Mystery, essays all 4 probably 5 stars some familiarity with the figures addressed renders the numerous jokes and criticisms appreciableThe secondssay on Wagner however I did not appreciate I would attribute this partly to my superficial knowledge of the man for all I know about him comes Nietzsche and to my unfortunate philistinism regarding classical music To Nietzsche can sit in a comprised motley of only rare uncommon affirmative and ssential things necessitated by those that come unwarily striking with an assertive primness His utter concern and piercing critiue amongst his own the Germans led to the healthy isolation and time of meditation of himself Around the time this work was published with the four installments his thirst for knowledge and understanding of human nature began to surface in his way of saying he was beginning to become and cultivate his self overcoming the development of the philosophical genius With his patent release of motion as well as rational reasonableness of vitiation to the Germans it was public opinion that directly appealed to him how the masses behave instrumentallyradically silent about strange but necessary instincts how the paradigms of sociable time played out and most importantly how thinking became unimportant and considered the least stimulating activity to them His development of becoming the philosophical genius rose incrementally once he abdicated from teaching as a Philologist professor due to his approaching illness that unexpectedly prowled within him It was however the pushing stimulant that led to his wondrous discovery of solitude where he announced in his meditations that is where one can truly begin to find oneself develop and cultivate their genius and become what one aspires to be in accordance to the inherent principles of nature This is no simple asy and innocuous task for one that can miraculously discover the beauty of necessity of their solitude as he also mentioned It became transparent to him that in all places their is always only a few. On presents R J Hollingdale's translation of the ssays and a new introduction by Daniel Breazeale who places them in their historical context and discusses their significance for Nietzsche's philosop. ,

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Unzeitgemässe BetrachtungenD barbarians 4 but as a whole it remains weak because all those beautiful threads are not wound together into a powerful knot 4Modern man suffers from a weakened personality 5While the free personality has never before been commended so volubly there are no personalities to be seen let alone free personalities nothing but anxiously muffled up identical people Individuality has withdrawn within from without it has become invisible 5In an age which suffers from this universal Globalization: A Multi-Dimensional System, Third Edition education to what an unnatural artificial and in any case unworthy state must the most truthful of all sciences the honest naked goddess philosophy be reduced In such a world of compelledxternal uniformity it must remain the learned monologue of the solitary walker the individual s chance capture the hidden secret of the chamber or the harmless chatter of academic old men and children No one dares venture to fulfil the philosophical law in himself no one lives philosophically with that simple loyalty that constrained a man of antiuity to bear himself as a Stoic wherever he was whatever he did once he had affirmed his loyalty to the Stoa All modern philosophizing is political and official limited by governments churches academies customs and the cowardice of men to the appearance of scholarship Are there still human beings one then asks oneself or perhaps only thinking writing and speaking machines 5Only superior strength can judge weakness is obliged to tolerate 6To sum up history is written by the Billionaires Contract Engagement (Kings of the Boardroom experienced and superior man He who has notxperienced greater and xalted things than others will not know how to interpret the great and xalted things of the past When the past speaks it always speaks in an oracle only if you are an architect of the future and know the present will you understand it 6Satiate your soul with Plutarch and when you believe in his heroes dare at the same time to believe in yourself 6There is indeed rejoicing that now science is becoming to dominate life that condition may possibly be attained but life thus dominated is not of much value because it is far less living and guarantees far less life for the future than did a former life dominated not by knowledge but by instinct and powerful illusions But the present age is as aforesaid supposed to be an agem not of whole mature and harmonious personalities but of labour and of the greatest possible common utility That means however that men have to be adjusted to the purposes of the age so as to be ready for mployment as soon as possible they must labour in the factories of the general good before they are mature indeed so that they shall not become mature for this would be a luxury which would deprive the labour market of a great deal of its workforce Some birds are blinded so that they may sing beautifully I do not think the men of today sing beautifully than their grandfathers but I know they have been blinded 7 our ternal destiny to be pupils of declining antiuity 8The noblest and most xalted things make no ffect whatever on the masses 9Schopenhauer as Educator Let the youthful soul look back on life with the uestion what have you truly loved up to now what has drawn your soul aloft what has mastered it and at the same time blessed it 1I discovered how wretched we modern men appear when compared with the Greeks and Romans ven merely in the matter of a serious understanding of the tasks of ducation 2He is honest Purely Sexual even as a writer and so few writers are honest that one ought really to mistrust anyone who writes I know of only one writer whom I would compare with Schopenhauer indeed set above him in respect of honesty Montaigne That such a man wrote has truly augmented the joy of living on thisarth Since getting to know this freest and mightiest of souls I at least have come to feel what he felt about Plutarch 2From his watchtower he has seen farther and clearly than other men down into the reconciliation of knowledge with being 3He knew well that there is something higher and purer to be found and attained on this The West Transformed: A History of Western Civilization, Vol 1, to 1715 earth than the life of his own time and that he who knowsxistence only in this ugly shape and assesses it accordingly does it a grave injustice 3One no longer has the slightest notion how different the seriousness of philosophy is from the seriousness of a newspaper 4As long as anyone desires life as he desires happiness he has not yet raised his yes above the horizon of the animal for he only desires consciously what the animal seeks through blind impulse 5We labour at our daily work ardently and thoughtlessly than is necessary to sustain our life because to us it is ven necessary not to have leisure to stop and think 5For the uestion is this how can your life the individual life receive the highest value the deepest significance How can it be least suandered Certainly only by living off the good of the rarest and most valuable xemplars and not for the good of the majority 6Science is related to wisdom as virtuousness is related to holiness it is cold and dry it has not love and knows nothing of a deep feeling of inadeuacy and longing It Is As Useful To as useful to as it is harmful to its servants insofar as it transfers its own character to them and thereby ossifies their humanity As long as what is meant by culture is ssentially the promotion of science culture will pass the great suffering human being by with pitiless coldness because science sees verywhere only problems of knowledge and because within the world of the sciences suffering is really something improper and incomprehensible thus at best only one problemBut if one accustoms oneself to translating very xperience into a dialectical uestion and answer game and into an affair purely of the head it is astonishing in how short a time such an occupation will wither a man up how soon he becomes almost nothing but bones Everyone knows and perceives this fact so how is it nonetheless possible for young men not to start back at the sight of such skeletons but on the contrary again and again blindly to give themselves over to the sciences without restraint of selectivity It can hardly originate in any supposed desire for truth for how could there xist any desire at all for cold pure inconseuential knowldege 6Such natures are collectors The Anathema Cell explainers compilers of indices and herbariums they study and prowl around in a single domain simply because it never occurs to them that other domainsxist Their industriousness possesses something of the tremendous stupidity of the force of gravity which is why they often achieve a great deal 6The only critiue of a philosophy that is possible and that proves something namely trying to see whether one can live in accordance with it has never been taught at universities 7Richard Wagner in Bayreuth We on the other hand we disciples of art resurrected will have #THE TIME AND THE WILL FOR PROFOUND SERIOUS REFLECTION #time and the will for profound serious reflection individual must be consecrated to something higher than himself 4He has gone beyond all vanities of this sort 5Here are two xamples to demonstrate how perverse the sensibilities of our age have become and how the age has no perception of this perversity In former times one looked down with honest nobility on people who dealt in money as a business ven though one had need of them one admitted to oneself that Pookie-Pie every society had to have intestines Now as the most covetous of its regions they are the ruling power in the soul of modern. Ics as the relationship between popular and genuine culture strategies for cultural reform the task of philosophy the nature ofducation and the relationship among art science and life This new diti. ,