Fear Anti Semitism in Poland after Auschwitz An Essay in Historical Interpretation [E–book/E–pub]
Nging Communism to Poland The chapter on this latter point is longer than necessary in my opinion Gross also rejects as an explanation the historical roots of Polish anti Semitism and the argument that Nazi policies simply rubbed off onto the *Poles Instead his explanation is Polish society s opportunistic wartime behavior Jews were perceived as a threat *Instead his explanation is Polish society s opportunistic wartime behavior Jews were perceived as a threat the material status uo security and peaceful conscience of their Christian ellow citizens after the war because they had been plundered and because what remained of Jewish property
as well as Jews social roles had been assumed by Polish neighbors in well as Jews social roles had been assumed by Polish neighbors in and often directly opportunistic complicity with Nazi instigated institutional mass murder He also suggests an explanation rom experimental psychology people have a propensity to hate those whom they have injured Many Poles could not bear the Jewish presence after the war because it called orth their own Cooking for Company: All the Recipes You Need for Simple, Elegant Entertaining at Home feelings of guilt and shame A New York Times commentator David Margolik who reviewed the book disagrees Instead he believes that the Germans emboldened many Poles to act upon what they had alwayselt Gross s concluding chapter is uite compelling
But Still Not Completely Satisfying still not completely satisfying I think Gross would agree What happened to Poland before during and after WWII is such a complex mixture of political social psychological and religious actors that a complete explanation of anti Semitism in Poland after Auschwitz may be too difficult a task to achieve Indeed one of the most accomplished historians of Excellent documentation and explanation of incredibly disturbing and upsetting events This is a long and difficult read and at times mentally draining One simply cannot My Wifes Affair fathom theollowing two things that pogroms and anti Semitic attacks occurred literally when the true monstrous extent of the Nazis actions was still being revealed to the world and that non Jewish Poles who had hidden Jews during the war had to keep secret their heroic actions Dîwana Jan forear of violence against them And to think the appalling actions the Polish government has taken recently to urther remove itself rom being labeled as complicit with the Nazis even though many Poles were in the annihilation of Polish Jews Very scholarly Lots of repetition but it is a story that needs to be told. Tween the Communist regime and a society illed with people who had participated in the Nazi campaign of murder and plunder people or whom Jewish survivors were a standing reproach The Polish poet Czeslaw Milosz said that Poland's Communist rulers ulfilled the dream of Polish nationalists by bringing into existence an ethnically pure stateFor than half a century what happened to Jewish Holocaust survivors in Poland has been cloaked in guilt and shame Writing with passion brilliance and ierce clarity Gross at last brings the truth to ligh. D unfettered elections in Poland as Soon As Possible Following as possible ollowing end of hostilities Chapter 1 alone made this book worth readingWhen the surviving Jews returned to their hometowns in Poland after the war ended leading Polish intellectuals were shocked and scandalized by the recurring postwar manifestations of
"popular anti semitism they saw it not as "anti Semitism They saw it not as economic issue not as a political issue but as a moral ailure which touched some core of the collective being Of course Poland was The Curious Cases of Cyriack Skinner Grey firmly in the grip of Stalinism at this time and Stalin s rising anti Semitic attitude clouds the issue Nevertheless Gross presents convincing evidence of widespread discrimination against the returning JewsThe central event of Fear is the pogrom in Kielce It s arightening story On July 1 1946 an eight year old *boy disappeared rom his home It turned out that he had gone to *disappeared rom his home It turned out that he had gone to a Mom, They're Teasing Me: Helping Your Child Solve Social Problems friend in a townrom which his amily had recently moved When he returned he made up a story saying that he had been kidnapped by Jews and kept in the basement of a building at 7 Planty Street where approximately 180 Jews lived The building it was discovered later had no basement On July 4 1946 a crowd gathered at 7 Planty Street Police and soldiers arrived but instead of saving the Jews they participated in the action against the Jews The authorities were concerned that the public not accuse them of safeguarding the Jews Forty two Jewish men women and children were killed shot stabbed or beaten to death Another 30 were killed on the railroad Eighty others were woundedThese were not isolated actions of deviants or socially marginal individuals As many as a uarter of the adult population of Kielce was actively involved in the assault on the Jews that day Gross says that What stands out on the gruesome occasion is the widely shared sense in Polish society that getting rid of the Jews by killing them if necessary was permissible The uestion that Gross attempts to answer in the remainder of the book is How was such virulent anti Semitism possible after the Holocaust in Poland of all places In attempting to explain anti Semitism in Poland after the war Gross rejects with well supported arguments two common explanations Jews were not killing Christian children or their blood nor were Jews responsible or bri. Bloodiest peacetime pogrom in twentieth century Europe took place in Kielce Poland a year after the war ended Jan Gross's Fear is a detailed reconstruction of this pogrom and the Polish reactions to it that attempts to answer a perplexing uestion How was anti Semitism possible in Poland after the warGross argues that postwar Polish anti Semitism cannot be understood simply as a continuation of prewar attitudes Rather it developed in the context of the Holocaust and the Communist takeover Anti Semitism eventually became a common currency be. ,
This is not a beautifully written book It of an academic work a hugely important one that should be read by as wide an audience as possible Readers should struggle through its painstaking prose to take on board its importance and its attempt to understand how most human beings will behave given the right circumstances in this particular case under Nazi occupation and its immediate aftermathFear by Jan Gross ocuses tightly on the phenomenon of anti Semitism in Poland after the Second World War One cannot help but wonder how this phenomenon has evolved today in a nation that has not yet aced up to its own part in the murder of its Jewish population and in certain areas continues today to deny its own complicity in those murders This book is not an attack on Poland or its people as many have claimed but an attempt to understand why anti Semitism was not extinguished but rather increased in Poland in the aftermath of During WWII ninety percent of Poland s Jewish population disappeared exterminated by the Nazis primarily in their infamous death camps This is the story about what happened to the surviving ten percent approximately 200000 300000 when they returned to their native Poland after the war ended They were greeted by a wide range of anti Jewish practices they were threatened they were
prevented rom reclaiming their property and in one particularly violent episode the pogrom in Kielce July from reclaiming their property and in one particularly violent episode the pogrom in Kielce July many were killed some with *Deliberate Cruelty Whether At *cruelty Whether at or in a government office in the street on a train or in a classroom Polish Jews encountered hostility Most of these surviving Jews gripped with terror took the hint and No Strings Attached fled to Palestine or to the westCourageous Poles who had saved Jewish children were also persecuted They became social outcasts in their own communities They were called Jew lovers Most hid their identities to protect themselves and theiramiliesBut this story of the returning Jews doesn t begin until Chapter 2 In Chapter 1 called Poland Abandoned Gross recounts the heartbreaking story of how Poland was torn apart by the war and then essentially abandoned Fancy Strut first by the Russians when the Polish underground rose up toight the Germans and then
"again by the US and Great Britain when Stalin refused to "by the US and Great Britain when Stalin refused to his wartime pledge to hold Northern California: A History and Guide - From Napa to Eureka free an. Poland suffered an exceedingly brutal Nazi occupation during the Second World War Close toive million Poles were killed Of these than half were Jews killed in the Holocaust Ninety percent of the world's second largest Jewish community was annihilated But despite the calamity shared by Poland's Jews and non Jews anti Semitic violence did not stop in Poland with the end of the war Jewish Holocaust survivors returning to their Polish hometowns after the war experienced widespread hostility including murder at the hands of their neighbors The. .