The Moral Animal Why We Are the Way We Are The New Science of Evolutionary Psychology [Pdf Read]

Gs having excellent reviews and proving BE DISAPPOINTING I CHOSE BADLY ON disappointing I chose badly on Occasion Evolutionary Psychology occasion Evolutionary psychology been used too much to excuse men for raping women and fucking up our society with wars and patriarchy I refuse to respect it I think it s working to excuse us for the things we should be able to rise above Wright does fight the absolutists and say this science is not an excuse for how much we hurt each other but if he is so enlightened can t he see that he is at the same time validating a science that is increasingly and aggresively being used as fuel for the anti anti rape movement He is saying I like this science and think it explains us first and foremost His fails to remember that simply calling it science attaches a term to it that as history shows leads people to use any of its findings for their own benefit treating them inescapable laws His one and two sentence scoldings about how we should rise above his science s findings fall short of undoing the damage for readers who will use this book for evil Evolutionary Psychology is a dangerous field In all of evolutionary science there s a lot of temptation to endorse a just so story that happens to fit all our current data or worse ignore some of the data as noise But this is Human evolution we are talking about and thus it becomes even important that we A get the story right B understand how general trends apply to individual cases and C don t draw think that science can dictate moralitySurprisingly the book is best on point C showing how science can inform some moral debates but not settle them It s also good on point B making the ualification several times but perhaps not forcefully enough for it to really sink in for all readers Point A is my biggest issue The majority of the book was well argued well documented and likely right The problem is that when the author is speculating he tends not to tell ou he is The book might be a must read for everyone but it s a must read carefullyI especially loved the use of Darwin s life for examples and the comparisons to JS Mill and Samuel Smiles all of three of whom published classic works in 1859 He doesn t find our cat story interesting and he won t call in the morning He has gazillions of sperm and Prey you have 400 eggs Harry was right when he told Sally men and women can t be friends Any guy who tellsou otherwise is just trying to sleep with Addicted to Womanhood Book One you They re all trying to sleep withou all the time Your co workers Batman: Arkham Asylum - A Serious House on Serious Earth your friends the traffic copour high school math teacher Once is Never Enough your cousins all of them all the time Even the gay ones And that s why they invented fire the wheel carrots sport cars and football To get some So where does man get his morals from Some people would say God That assumes there is some absolute idea of virtue and morals handed to us from the almighty Best evidence against this The Bible Read the first four books of the Old Testament not just the ten commandments and then tell meou would want to live in a society that allows Successful Employee Communications you to sellour daughter into slavery and stone our spouse for adultery Clearly our ideas of morality evolve and continues to evolvefor the better in my opinionPerhaps the uestion should be not where but how do we get morality and virtues Sociology see social values as originating to unify people and protect themselves from their own savage natures But if this is true why do people often choose an altruistic stance even when it goes against cultural edicts Along comes the science of evolutionary psychology which states our morality is not from societal causes but our own genes As genes originates physical changes they also originate behaviors that help us survive through generations The author illustrates not just through human examples but other mammals how certain moral behaviors have developed to insure survival which in the sense of natural selection means to reproduce and leave lot of descendents Not only are we genetically predisposed to behave in certain ways but we often go out of our way to deceive ourselves about this Bye bye freewill Evolutionary Psychology EP is the new kid on the block While evolution is an established fact EP is oung enough that the author of this thought provoking book is often left to speculation and he freely admits to this However there is a lot to digest and ponder in these pages Much is controversial and not just to fundamentalist Christians Some have accused EP as condoning sexism and even rape Not so While Wright clearly states natural selection is only interested in survival not morality he also realizes that if we understand the reason we do what we do the we can use this information for our own betterment I personally think EP is too much in its infant stage to accept wholeheartedly but I must say I m impressed with this excellent introduction to EP Certainly this healthy examination of morals and mankind is a better choice than blindly accepting God dictated edicts that have justified persecution and suffering through the ages Dear Evolutionary Psychology You are bullshit Most sciences evolve from get our hands dirty research discovery research cycles but evo psych evolved to meet the need of the media to have a constant influx of stories justifying sexism through science So suck it You are rejected. Our sexual preferences to our office politics as well as their implications for our moral codes and public policies Illustration.

Robert Wright ☆ 3 read

Un amor fora ciutat you might conjecture Wright is very conscious of this and tries to be very delicate and deliberate in his treatment of all this he even goes so far as to label it postmodern morality and he summarily eviscerates these conclusions as damaging and na ve Perhaps he is so explicit about this because he wishes to avoid being damned in the same way as EO Wilson when he published Sociobiology Wright suggests that if anything separates humans from animals it is self reflection the capacity that we have to evaluate our actions and the actions of others and conseuently judge those actions Wright asserts that even if the content of our judgments and our abili This is one of those seminal books to me at least that has a lot to say about the nature of human relationships uotesp 36 while there are various reasons why it could make Darwinian sense for a woman to mate with than one man maybe the first man was infertile for example there comes a time when having sex just isn t worth the trouble Better to get some rest or grab a bite to eat For a man unless he s really on the brink of collapse or starvation that time never comes Each new partner offers a very real chance to get genes into the next generation a much valuable prospect in the Darwinian calculus than a nap or a meal As the evolutionary psychologists martin Daly and Margo Wilson have succinctly put it for males there is always the possibility of doing betterThere is a sense in which a female can do better too but it has to do with uality not uantity Giving birth to a child involves a huge commitment of time not to mention energy and nature has put a low ceiling on how many such enterprises she can undertake So each child from her genetic point of view is an extremely precious gene machine Its ability to survive and then in turn produce its ownoung gene machines is of mammoth importance It makes Darwinian sense then for a woman to be selective about the man who is going to help her build each gene machine p 38 whatever the ancestral environment was like it wasn t much like the environment we re in now We aren t designed to stand on crowded subway platforms or to live in suburbs next door to people we never talk to or to get hired and fired or to watch the evening news This disjunction between the contexts of our design and our lives is probably responsible for much psychopathology as well as much suffering of a less dramatic sort On the road from Gethsemane to Calvary I lost my way For some obscure reason when I read the last page of this book and put it down the above uote from one of the Lewis television series sprang to mind I had to recheck the internet to ensure that my memory was in fact correctI lost my way and my mission in fact with this book The Moral Animal on page 128464 and my positive thoughts gradually diminished as I began the slippery downward slide to the last page I thought it was excellently written up to then This book promised me everything I wanted in a book on evolution and Darwin has interested and intrigued me for Blue Murder years leading me onto my current fascination with geneticsThis was meant to show me the new science of evolutionary psychology but this didn t prove to be the caseIt is a study of men and women and relationships It compares the Victorian culture with ours today that I thought would be worth reading but there are too many personal interpretations the book is not linear and it meanders well to me anyway everywhere I m not too sure either that I agree with the author s views on natural selectionAs an example The way natural selection has worked its will is to make some things seem obvious and right and desirable and others absurd and wrong and abhorrent We should probe our common sense reactions to evolutionary theories carefully before concluding that common sense itself isn t a cognitive distortion created by evolutionI m sure that many individuals will view this work favourably but it s not for me I actually don t like the writing style My other problem is that I ve already read a really good biography on Darwin and other excellent books on evolution and I was hoping for something new here If it is to be found within these pages well obviously I ve missed it This is another case of the book looking the part promising marvellous thin. Ral Animal one of the most provocative science books in recentears Wright unveils the genetic strategies behind everything from. ,
If Pilgrimage in Medieval Scotland: (Historic Scotland Series) you findourself uncomfortable while hearing for altruism or #for retaliationetc then this book is for ou It will clear many misunderstandings what is meant by a Selfish Gene #retaliationetc then this book is for ou It will clear many misunderstandings about what is meant by a Selfish Gene fact the book has many explanations that would have been good for Dawkins to include in later editions of his book The S I believe whoever wants to better understand the world know why they feel what they feel and know why people behave the way they do has to read evolutionary psychologyThis book provided me with two critical pieces I had been missing in the puzzle of evolutionI had learned that many desires of ours are the manifestation of our genes I also had learned that the environment is also responsible for shaping a huge portion of our behavior But I lacked the knowledge of the relationship between the two and I also didn t know the precise relation of the environment and the genes in forging our behavior Now thanx to this book I doIt turns out that the evolution implants knobs in our brain but how low or high these knobs are set to is determined by the environment It was a huge revelation for meI also have been pondering the boundaries of morality Is there any objective morality to which we can clingYes now I know and it is utilitarianism Our behavior is moral to the extent that they benefit the people and contribute the good of all This is a touchstone with which we can hope to discern if an act is moralThe writing was exceptional the structure and depth of the material were superb I loved the book and profoundly recommend it to anyone who aspires to reach a higher intellectual level First and foremost an uncritical read of this book will leave The earth; an introduction to physical geology you feeling cynical and a bit cheated It ranks up there with EO Wilson s Sociobiology and Richard Dawkins The Selfish Gene though I ll admit that I know those two primarily by reputation having read excerpts and not their entireties It would be very easy to findourself getting defensive about the material presented in here especially if KREBS und alle sog. Krankheiten Kurze Einfuhung in die GERMANISCHE NEUE MEDIZIN you believe humans to be some special exception among animalsMeanwhile with a critical approachou ll find that Gramatica basica del estudiante de espanol you cannot get Robert Wright s text out ofour head it is insightful intellectually rigorous even handed and at times palpably funny Plus The Hollow Crown you will find that it informs a great many all of the human discourse verbal or otherwise thatou encounter daily how certain traits and behaviors came to be and the functions they serveDon t ask about their intentions though we need to remember that evolution is goal less after all Put most succinctly We are built to be effective animals not happy ones What Robert Wright sets out to do with The Moral Animal is to take Darwin s life and oeuvre primarily The Origin of Species frame them with two other important contemporary writings John Stuart Mill s Utilitarianism and Samuel Smiles Self Help and use that lens to execute a thorough analysis and discussion of Darwinism and evolution how human civilizations evolved as a conseuence of reciprocal altruism and capsulize all of this as the basis for what Wright calls evolutionary psychology Wright s choice of style is an interesting one and reminds me vaguely of Hofstadter s G del Escher Bach meticulous and technical scientific discussions of biology genetics and evolution are interspersed with nearly whimsical narratives that detail the life and times of Charles Darwin For every page that cites Robert Trivers or Richard Dawkins there is another that uotes Darwin s personal correspondence or illustrates the backdrop of Victorian society Wright s is an interesting and compelling approach that makes that text very engaging and approachable Which is not to suggest that the material is easy to follow Wright does not shy away from getting denser and heavier as the work progresses there were many instances were I found that I needed to double back over certain passages to get itAgain for as dense and technical as much of Wright s writing is he throws himself whole heartedly into the text and makes the material come to life There is something strangely erotic about his in depth scientific analysis of mate competition cuckoldry and evolutionary strategizing There is something perversely amusing about his apples to oranges comparisons of Darwin and Freud There is something appropriately voyeuristic about reading letters from Darwin to friends and seeing how they reflect elements of his own theoriesIn many ways Wright s elouent prose is currency for getting us through some very challenging material As I ve already discussed there is the implicit challenge of reading technical literature especially as a layperson More so however is the explicit challenge that Wright lays out early in the text that we all carry a great deal of cultural baggage that sets us up to reject the logical conclusions posited by Darwinism and evolutionary psychology Wright spends the first half of the text building up to the discussions that give the book its title By the time we get to Part Three Social Strife it is no small wonder why Wright keeps circling back on the example of bluegill sunfish and the euilibrium between nest builders and mate poachers The animal kingdom seems to contain not a succinct microcosm of industry versus opportunism of costbenefit ec. Are men literally born to cheat Does monogamy actually serve women's interests These are among the uestions that have made The Mo. The Moral Animal Why We Are the Way We Are The New Science of Evolutionary Psychology